Special Manuscripts2

Crucifixion of Jesus

A miniature showing the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. The scene may include a number of additional figures, such as the Mary or John, the scene typically follows the account of the Four Gospels, but may include iconographic elements inspired by apocryphal sources. The three main typologies attested in the Ethiopian tradition are: Type 1 There is an Empty Cross and there are figures associated with it (i.e. it is not just an interlaced cross). Type 2 The body of Living Jesus is nailed to the cross. Type 3 The body of the Dead Jesus is nailed to the cross.

Bibliography

Balicka-Witakowska, E. 1997. La Crucifixion sans Crucifié dans l’art éthiopien. Recherches sur la survie de l’iconographie chrétienne de l’Antiquité tardive, Bibliotheca nubica et aethiopica, 4 (Warszawa-Wiesbaden: ZAŚ PAN, 1997). Gnisci, J. 2014. ‘The Dead Christ on the Cross in Ethiopian Art: Notes on the Iconography of the Crucifixion in Twelfth- to Fifteenth-Century Ethiopia’, Studies in Iconography, 35 (2014), 187–288. Grondijs, L. H. 1941. L’iconographie byzantine du crucifié mort sur la croix, Bibliotheca Byzantina Bruxellensis, 1 (Bruxelles; Leyde: Éditions de Byzantion, Institut de sociologie; Société d’Éditions A.W. Sijthoff, 1941). Martin, J. R. 1955. ‘The Dead Christ on the Cross in Byzantine Art’, in K. Weitzmann, ed., Late Classical and Mediaeval Studies in Honor of Albert Mathias Friend (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1955), 189–196. Grillmeier, A. 1956. Der Logos am Kreuz: Zur christologischen Symbolik der älteren Kreuzigungsdarstellung (München: Max Hueber, 1956).

There are 11 resources that contain the exact keyword: AT1005Crucifixion
id title type
BNFet32 Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF Éthiopien 32 mss
BDLaethc7 Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodleian Aeth. c. 7 mss
ESum027 Bǝḥerāwi Kǝllǝlāwi Mangǝśti Tǝgrāy, ʿUrā Qirqos, UM-027 mss
ESssb008 wäräda Ganta Afäšum, ṭabiya Sasun Bet Ḥawaryat , qušät Bet Ḥawaryat, Bet Ḥawaryat, SSB-008 mss
ESmm003 Ganta ʾAfäšum wäräda, ṭabiya May ʾAbʾa Nǝḥbi, qušät Bǝkot, Qǝddǝst Maryam Mäkan, MM-003 mss
FSUor112 Frankfurt, Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg, Frankfurt Ms. or. 112 mss
FSUor18 Frankfurt, Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg, Frankfurt Ms. or. 18 mss
BLorient481 London, British Library, BL Orient 481 mss
EMIP00109 Portland, Ethiopic Manuscript Imaging Project, Alwan Codex 4 mss
EMIP00106 Portland, Ethiopic Manuscript Imaging Project, Alwan Codex 1 mss
EMIP00003 Portland, Ethiopic Manuscript Imaging Project, Eliza Codex 2 mss
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