Module core
Module tei
Module header except: appInfo
Module textstructure except: argument byline closer div1 div2 div3 div4 div5 div6 div7 imprimatur opener postscript salute signed titlePage titlePart trailer
Module transcr except: damageSpan restore
Module verse except: caesura metDecl metSym rhyme
Module analysis except: cl span spanGrp
Module certainty except: respons
Module gaiji except: char charName unicodeName
Module linking except: alt altGrp joinGrp timeline when
Module msdescription
Module namesdates except: climate education geoFeat langKnowledge langKnown nameLink population socecStatus terrain trait
Module textcrit except: lacunaEnd lacunaStart witDetail witEnd witStart
Module figures except: cell formula row table
Module spoken except: broadcast equipment incident kinesic pause recording recordingStmt scriptStmt shift u vocal writing
Module corpus except: activity channel constitution derivation domain factuality interaction locale preparedness purpose setting textDesc

TEI

Mode : change

Module : textstructure

Schema specification

Because different types of entity are all encoded in TEI, we need to type the TEI to be able to know from the root what type of TEI to expect. the xml:id uses the syntax for identifiers inherited from the indexes of the the Encyclopaedia Aethiopica. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:TEI not(@type) Each record must have a type with one of the values suggested.

Attibutes list

attribute xml:id

For Manuscripts e.g. EMML2312 ES15 (Ethio-SPaRe) BLadd100 (British Library, fondo, numero) BNFabb3 (Bibliotheque nationale de France, fondo, numero) Works = LIT1001Homili (LIT + incremental number + first world of title) Places = LOC2969Ensala (LOC + incremental number + first world of place name) People = PRS1001AbbaTam (PRS + incremental number + first world of name) Institutions = INS0030Addaqaharsi (INS + 4 digit number + first world of name)

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
mss Description of a Manuscript
pers Description of a Person
place Description of a generic place
ins Description of an institution where manuscripts are preserved
work Description of a recognizable literary or documentary work at any given granularity
nar Description of a Narrative Unit, independent of the Work or textual unit to which it is part. This includes document types, e.g. used to classify additiones to a manuscript.
auth Description of a concept used as authority list (faith, art element)

ab

Mode : change

Module : linking

Schema specification

type and subtype of the <ab> element are regulated for the use of this element in layout descriptions Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:ab[ancestor::tei:layout] not(@type or @subtype) ab in layout should always have a type and optionally a subtype
tei:ab[ancestor::tei:note] not(@type) ab in note is used in listPlace for institutions and should always have a @type equal to 'history' or 'description'. @type equal to 'appellation' can be used to list a series of ways in which a place is called.
tei:ab[ancestor::tei:note][@type='appellation'] not(tei:list/tei:item) an ab[@type='appellation'] must contain a list.

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
history
description
appellation
ruling
pricking
punctuation
cruces
CruxAnsata
ChiRho
coronis

attribute subtype

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
pattern
usage
executed
dividers
Example 1

Example from ESagm003


                            <layout>
                                <ab type="pricking">Ruling is partly visible; pricking is
                                    visible.</ab>
                                <ab type="ruling" subtype="pattern"> Ruling pattern:
                                    1A-1A-1A1A/0-0/0-0/C.</ab>
                                <ab type="pricking"> Primary pricks are partly visible (s. <locus target="#29r">29r</locus>).</ab>
                                <ab type="pricking"> Ruling pricks are mostly visible (s. <locus target="#20r">20r</locus>).</ab>
                                <ab type="ruling"> The upper line is written above the ruling.</ab>
                                <ab type="ruling"> The bottom line is written above the ruling.</ab>
                            </layout>
                        

add

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

Limits and defines values of the attribute place in <add>. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute place

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
above text written above the line
below text written below the line
bottom text written at the foot of the page
inline text written within the body of the text
interlinear text written between two lines
left text written to the left of the preceding text node
margin text written in the margin (left, right, or both)
mixed text written both on top and left or right and bottom
opposite text written on the opposite, i.e. facing, page
overleaf text written on the other side of the leaf
overstrike text written over previously deleted text
right text written to the right of the preceding text node
top text written at the top of the page
unspecified use this only when no information is currently available and make yourself a note to check photos or source to improve this point
Example 1

Example from FSUrueppII1


                            <incipit xml:lang="gez">በስመ፡ እግዚአብሔር፡ መሐሪ፡ ወመስተሣህል፡ ርኁ<sic resp="DR">ቅ</sic>፡ መዓት፡ ወብዙኃ፡ ምሕረት፡ ወጻድቅ፡ እጽሕፍ፡ አንሰ፡ መጽሐፈ፡ ሄኖክ፡ ነቢይ፡
                                በረከቱ፡ ወሀብተ፡ ረድኤቱ፡ የሀሉ፡ ምስለ፡ ፍቁሩ፡ <del rend="erasure" extent="unknown"></del>
                                <add place="overstrike">
                                    <persName ref="PRS11707WaldaS">ወል<sic resp="DR">ዳ</sic>፡
                                        ሳሙኤል፡</persName>
                                </add> ለዓለመ፡ ዓለም፡ አሜን።</incipit>
                        
Example 2

Example from DW03


                            <incipit xml:lang="gez">
                                <locus target="#81vb"></locus> በስመ፡ አብ፡ ወወልድ፡ ወመንፈስ፡ ቅዱስ፡ ፩ ኣምላክ፡ አመ ፳ወ፮
                                በዕብራውያን፡ ለጥር፡ <del rend="erasure"></del><add place="inline"><hi rend="rubric">ከኑን፡</hi></add> ወበግብጽ፡ ወኢትዮጵያ፡ አመ፡ ፩ <add place="above"><hi rend="rubric">ለየካቲት፡</hi></add></incipit>
                        

antiphon

Mode : add

Module :

Schema specification

Antiphon Element Added to the schema for marking up a section of text which has this particular function

classes

<classes>
                        <memberOf key="model.pPart.transcriptional"></memberOf>
                    </classes>

content

<content>
                        <textNode></textNode>

                    </content>

bibl

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

<bibl> should always contain a <ptr> element with a target pointing at a unique tag in the Zotero Ethio-Studies Library (prefixed 'bm:'). If the title is missing from the collection, please add it following the guidelines available here. only inside <listBibl> with type clavis you can also use type for <bibl> to indicate the Clavis identifier type Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:bibl[not(ancestor::tei:listBibl[@type='mss'])] not(contains(tei:ptr/@target, 'bm:')) The unique tag in Zotero to be used in this pointers should be namespaced. Please make sure that the tag in zotero begins with bm: and copy it here exactely as it is, without spaces.
tei:bibl ancestor::tei:div[@type='bibliography'] and not(parent::tei:listBibl) Please, place your bibliographical references inside a listBibl element.
tei:bibl[ancestor::tei:listBibl[@type='mss']][@type='external'] not(tei:ptr[@target]) bibl in a mss list of references with a @type="external" must contain a pointer with @target cointaing a full uri to the resource
tei:bibl child::tei:biblScope we use citedRange, not biblScope. Please, see guidelines wiki on Beta Masaheft.
Example 1

Example from LIT2365Storyo


                            <listBibl type="clavis">
                                <bibl type="CAVT">
                                    <ptr target="bm:CAVT"></ptr>
                                    <citedRange unit="item">95</citedRange>
                                </bibl>
                                <bibl type="CPG">
                                    <ptr target="bm:CPG1"></ptr>
                                    <citedRange unit="item">2252</citedRange>
                                </bibl>
                            </listBibl>
                        
Example 2

Example from LIT4633Chronicle


                            <listBibl type="editions">
                                <bibl>
                                    <ptr target="bm:Basset1882Chronicle"></ptr>
                                </bibl>
                                <bibl>
                                    <ptr target="bm:Guidi1961YohannesT"></ptr>
                                </bibl>
                            </listBibl>
                        

binding

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

The list of values allowed for contemporary in <binding> is limited to four values mapped to the Ethio-SPaRe project values. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute contemporary

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
partly
true
false
unknown
Example 1

Example from GAet9


                            <binding contemporary="false" xml:id="binding">
                                <decoNote xml:id="b1">The book has been professionally restored.
                                    During the intervention the book has been rebound thus it has an
                                    occidental binding with wooden boards and a quarter leather
                                    cover. The book was sewn using a thread of vegetable origin on
                                    four sewing supports made of parchment.</decoNote>
                            </binding>
                        

change

Mode : change

Module : header

Schema specification

It is very important, at the end of each section of work of improvement of a record to record a <change> in the <revisionDesc> element of the <teiHeader>. In the attribute who enter your id, in the when enter the date of the change, in the format YYYY-MM-DD. Inside the element, briefly describe the changes you have made. When you are done with a file, please, add a change element with content completed. If you have reviewed and corrected a file which is now ready and published, please add a <change> with content reviewed Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:change not(matches(@when, '20\d{2}-\d{2}-\d{2}$')) This is not a correct date.

Attibutes list

attribute who

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
AB Alessandro Bausi
ABr Antonella Brita
ES Eugenia Sokolinski
DN Denis Nosnitsin
DR Dorothea Reule
MV Massimo Villa
SG Solomon Gebreyes Beyene
PL Pietro Liuzzo
SH S. Hummel
EG E. Gusarova
MK M. Krzyzanowska
VP V. Pisani
SA S. Ancel
VR V. Roth
AA A. Adugna
SD Sophia Dege-Müller
IR I. Roticiani
IF I. Fridman
MB M. Bulakh
FP Francesca Panini
RHC Ran HaCohen
SJ Sybilla Jenner
SS Sisay Sahile
DE Daria Elagina
NV Nafisa Valieva
JG Jacopo Gnisci
JK Jonas Karlsson
EDS Eliana Dal Sasso
AWi Anaïs Wion
SD Steve Delamarter
RL Ralph Lee
JS Jonah Sandford
CH Carsten Hoffmann
WD Wolfgang Dickhut
AE Andreas Ellwardt
HE Hiruie Ermias

attribute when

citedRange

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

The rules try to avoid the use of from and to in <citedRange> and the use this as empty element. The list of allowed values for unit in <citedRange> is given. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:citedRange @from or @to Please, don't use @from and @to in citedRange, write the range into the element
tei:citedRange not(text()) An Empty citedRange is not allowed, remove it if you don't need it or please enter the page range, unit number according to need and use @unit to specifiy the type of range. Multiple citedRange are allowed.

Attibutes list

attribute unit

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
page page
chapter chapter
column column
issue issue
line line
part part
volume volume
item item number
fol folio
note numbered note (footnote, sidenote, endnote)
Example 1

Example from BAVet23


                            <bibl>
                                <ptr target="bm:Petrus1548Test"></ptr>
                                <citedRange unit="fol">133-157</citedRange>
                            </bibl>
                        
The book referred to is foliated and not paginated.

colophon

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

content

<content>
                        <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"></macroRef>
                        <sequence>
                            <classRef key="tei_model.biblLike" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"></classRef>
                        </sequence>
                    </content>
context rule report
tei:colophon not(matches(@xml:id,'coloph\d+')) Colophon in Manuscript items must have ids starting with coloph.

Attibutes list

attribute xml:id

attribute type

Example 1

Example from BNFet152


                            <colophon xml:id="coloph1" xml:lang="la">
                                <date when="1620-10"></date>
                                <persName role="scribe" ref="PRS11309Alphonsus">Alphonsus Paulinus
                                    Romanus</persName>
                                <placeName ref="Q220">Romæ</placeName> scribebat anno <date>1629,
                                    mense Octobris.</date>
                            </colophon>
                        

condition

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

A closed list is given for the values of key in <condition>. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute key

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
deficient The manuscript is badly preserved and severely damaged.
good The manuscript is preserved with minimal damages.
intact The manuscript is preserved completely undamaged.
other If you use this value, please provide in the description a proper motivation, otherwise avoid it.

creation

Mode : change

Module : header

Schema specification

Encoders might add up to six values for the attribute evidence in <creation>. In the element <creation> we often want to add bibliography in the form of a single citation or a full bibliography. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

content

<content>
                        <alternate minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
                            <textNode></textNode>
                            <classRef key="model.limitedPhrase"></classRef>
                            <elementRef key="listChange"></elementRef>
                            <elementRef key="listBibl"></elementRef>
                            <elementRef key="bibl"></elementRef>
                        </alternate>
                    </content>

Attibutes list

attribute evidence

This attribute can have a maximum of 6 values separated by a space.
Example 1

Example from LIT2461Testam


                            <creation notBefore="0500" corresp="#t5greek">The work, one of the last
                                products of the pseudo-apostolic literature, was originally composed
                                in Greek in the 5th cent. The almost totally lost <ref target="#t5greek">Greek original</ref> is attested by three
                                integral versions in <ref target="#t4syriac">Syriac</ref>, <ref target="#t3arabic">Arabic</ref>, and Gǝʿǝz, plus a few Latin and
                                Georgian fragments, and the widely attested Coptic version of the
                                Mystagogy. See <bibl>
                                    <ptr target="bm:Bausi2010TestDom"></ptr>
                                </bibl>. </creation>
                        
Example 2

Example from LIT2170Peripl


                            <creation notBefore="0040" notAfter="0070" evidence="internal"><ref cRef="urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0071.tlg001:19">Periplus
                                19</ref></creation>
                        

custEvent

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute subtype

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
ancient
modern
none
Example 1

Example from ESdz024


                            <custEvent type="restorations" subtype="none"></custEvent>
                        

date

Mode : change

Module : header

Schema specification

In the element <date> we often want to add bibliography in the form of a single citation or a full bibliography. The schematron rule tries to avoid the absence of white spaces before and after the element. Please use the provided values for type and calendar Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

content

<content>
                        <alternate minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
                            <textNode></textNode>
                            <elementRef key="tei_model.gLike"></elementRef>
                            <elementRef key="tei_model.phrase"></elementRef>
                            <elementRef key="tei_model.global"></elementRef>
                            <elementRef key="listChange"></elementRef>
                            <elementRef key="listBibl"></elementRef>
                            <elementRef key="bibl"></elementRef>
                        </alternate>
                    </content>
context rule report
tei:date[ancestor::place[@subtype='institution']] not(@type='foundation') Attribute @type='foundation' is require for date into a note about an institution.
tei:date[not(text())] matches(following-sibling::text()[1], '^\w') or matches(preceding-sibling::text()[1], '\w$') There should be a space before and one after the element date

Attibutes list

attribute type

This attribute can have a maximum of 3 values separated by a space.

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
age
reign
life
marriage
generic-duration
foundation
composition
translation
revision
recension
diesNatalis
birth
ascension
death
production The date of production of the document (EMA)
repeated If the commemoration is repeated, please add this value as well in type

attribute calendar

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
world ʿĀmata ʿālam/ʿĀmata ʾəm-fəṭrat (Era of the World)
ethiopian ʿĀmata śəggāwe (Era of the Incarnation – Ethiopian)
grace ʿĀmata məḥrat (Era of Grace)
diocletian ʿĀmata samāʿtāt (Era of Martyrs (Diocletian))
alexander Era of Alexander
evangelists Evangelists' years
islamic Hiǧrī (Islamic)
julian Julian
Example 1

Example from BLorient512


                            <date notBefore="1675" notAfter="1725" resp="PRS10759Zuurmon">
                                <note>Date according to <bibl>
                                        <ptr target="bm:Zuurmond1989EvangeliumMarc"></ptr>
                                        <citedRange unit="part">II</citedRange>
                                        <citedRange unit="page">80</citedRange>
                                    </bibl>. </note>
                            </date>
                        

decoNote

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

<decoNote> is used for decorative elements and also for features of the binding. According to its place the xml:id should start with d or b. Some specific usage of typed decoNote are also checked by rules i.e. when ther is a type equal to SawingStations, and then there is one of the two attributes pastedown or color Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:decoNote[not(ancestor::tei:bindingDesc)] not(matches(@xml:id,'d\d+')) DecoNotes must have ids starting with the letter 'd' followed by a progressive number, e.g. d1, d2, d3
tei:decoNote[ancestor::tei:bindingDesc] not(matches(@xml:id,'b\d+')) DecoNotes in Binding Description must have ids starting with the letter 'b' followed by a progressive number, e.g. b1, b2, b3
tei:decoNote[ancestor::tei:bindingDesc][@type='SewingStations'] not(number(.)) decoNote with type SewingStations should contain a number.
tei:decoNote[ancestor::tei:bindingDesc][@pastedown] not(@type='EndLeaves') not(matches(@pastedown, '[UOTILR\s]+')) the attribute pastedown is only allowed on a decoNote with type EndLeaves.values of pastedown might only be a combination of maximum three of the suggested values. Y OTI L is fine, N is fine, UTI R is fine.
tei:decoNote[ancestor::tei:bindingDesc][@color] @type='SewingStations' or @type='Spine' or @type='Other' or @type='Fastening' The attribute color is not allowed on a decoNote with this type.

Attibutes list

attribute xml:id

attribute color

attribute pastedown

This attribute can have a maximum of 3 values separated by a space.

This is a semi list of allowed values

value definition
UTI Under the turn-ins. The pastedown is pasted under the turn-ins.
OTI Over the turn-ins. The pastedown is pasted over the turn-ins.
L Left pastedown, on the upper board.
R Right pastedown, on the lower board.

attribute repaired

This attribute can have a maximum of 1 values separated by a space.

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
Y
N

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
frame an ornament around the page
miniature An indipendent illustration in colour that occupies the full-page or part of the equivalent space of one or more columns of text.
band A border that surrounds a text or image and may occupy the margins and intercolumnar space. Typically used to mark the beginning of a new text or section of text.
punctuation
drawing A monochrome or bichrome image that is not painted.
diagram A drawing that conveys information or knowledge in schematic form.
initial An enlarged letter at the beginning of a text of paragraph that features figurative or decorative motifs.
map
marginal A small miniature painted next to one of the margins of the text.
mixed
other
ornamentation
paratext
printmark
publishmark
rubrication
secondary
tooling
unspecified
unwan
engraving An image on paper created with a printing plate.
printedImage A printed image, usually of devotional character, glued to a manuscript
Other to be used in binding description
bindingMaterial to be used in binding description. Materials of which the binding is made.
Headband to be used in binding description. Endband at the head end of the spine of a book.
Tailband for use in binding description. Endband at the tail end of the spine of a book.
Endbands for use in binding description. Structural and decorative elements of the binding which are found at the head and tail of the spine of a book. The ethiopian endbands are usually slit-braid stripes of leather or link-stitch sewings.
Fastening for use in binding description. Stripe of different form and material used to keep closed a book. Traces of fastenings can be holes and pins on the outer edge of the boards.
Spine for use in binding description. The part of the book opposite the fore-edge.
SlipCase for use in binding description. Portable leather case with attached slip where the manuscript is kept.
Boards for use in binding description. Components made from one or more pieces of material (usually wood) used to protect and support a bookblock.
SewingStations for use in binding description. Sewing stations are created by passing a thread through a spine fold when sewing a book.
EndLeaves for use in binding description. All the leaves found at each side of a bookblock, intended to give protection to the text leaves.
Cover The material that constitutes the immediate covering of the completed binding.

attribute rend

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
damaged
intact
Example 1

Example from GAet7


                            <decoNote xml:id="b1">The book is sewn on four sewing stations (two
                                pairs) linked to uncovered wooden boards. On the inner side of the
                                left board is pasted a textile inlay and there are traces of a
                                leather cover.</decoNote>
                            <decoNote xml:id="b2" type="bindingMaterial"><material key="wood"></material><material key="textile"></material><material key="silk"></material></decoNote>
                            <decoNote xml:id="b3" type="Boards"> The right board is broken in two
                                halves which are held together by leather strings. The left board is
                                made from <term key="cordiaAfricana">Cordia Africana</term> wood
                                while the right board is made from <term key="ficus">Ficus</term>
                                wood. On the inner part of the left board is pasted a silk <term key="textile">fabric</term>. </decoNote>
                            <decoNote xml:id="b4" type="Cover"> On the left board there are traces
                                of leather turn-ins and starch based adhesive. Probably in the past
                                the book had a leather cover. The left board might be the original
                                one whereas the right board might have been added later, during a
                                repairing intervention. </decoNote>
                        

del

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

The list of values allowed for rend in <del> is limited to four values. This was inherited from the EpiDoc Schema. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute rend

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
erasure scratched with a knife or similar
strikethrough crossed out with red or black ink, a line or dashes
expunctuated marked with dots above or below the line
effaced deleted or washed out, the material is untouched
Example 1

Example from IVefiopsk15


                            <del rend="erasure" resp="PRS9602Turaev" extent="unknown"></del>
                        

desc

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

The list of values for type is for use in <desc> when this is used in <item> inside <additions>. See Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines for additions. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
foundation to be used for places and institutions foundation
DonationNote note stating that the manuscript has been donated to an individual or to an institution. DonationNote
OwnershipNote Indicating that the book belongs to 1) an institution; 2) an individual. Various shapes of these notes are possible, from rubricated and very regular, written in the main hands, to less formal notes in the margins, written in crude hands (also without the formula ዝመጽሐፍ፡ ዘ…). OwnershipNote
PurchaseNote note stating that the book has been purchased for money by an individual or an institution. PurchaseNote
AcquisitionNote Points only to the fact of the acquisition of the book or transaction with the book. The buyer/owner/donor (?) can also be indicated. In some cases, the price and the source of the money can be specified. Includes the formula of the ownership note. AcquisitionNote
ReceiptNote note written down as a receipt of a transaction of goods. ReceiptNote
Admonition note admonishing individuals to a righteous behavior. See also “Exhortation”. Admonition
LandGrant note stating the concession of lands by an authority in favor of individuals or typically of institutions. LandGrant
FoundationCharter act of foundation of an institution. Foundation Charter
Genealogy It can be a separate genealogy of local lineages or ruling families or individual rulers; it can be a genealogy of the owner/donor of the book, independent or included into another note (frequently in a donation note). Genealogy
ScribalSignature The name of the scribe written down. Sometimes the purpose of such a signature is not clear (just a pen trial?). There is a number of manuscripts in the British Library where the scribes notes their names in the bottom margin of the first page of a quire (but this is not by chance; it has to do with the manuscript production mode). Scribal Signature
Supplication A short prayer for (the souls) of individuals. It is not necessarily in the explicit of the text, but is sometimes written as addition, in the margins or elsewhere. In the most cases, refers to the donor or owner of the book and his/her family members, but frequently it is difficult to understand who is meant. Supplication
Subscription note added at the end of the main text concerning its completion. Subscription
Doxology hymn or praise to God or other entities. Doxology
Exhortation note addressed to the brethren in order to commemorate a saint, to celebrate a given feast or for educational purposes. Exhortation
Invocation invocation against those who stole or erased the book or against other individuals. Not very different from “Condemnation”. Invocation
Inventory Lists of books, or church utensils (in most of the cases both together), or objects donated by someone, in Gǝʿǝz or Amharic. Inventory
ScribalNoteCommencing scribe’s note on commencing the work Scribal Note - Commencing
ScribalNoteOrdering scribe’s note on ordering of the copying Scribal Note - Ordering
ScribalNoteCommissioning scribe’s note on commissioning of the writing Scribal Note - Commissioning
ScribalNoteCompleting scribe’s note on completing the writing Scribal Note - Completing
ScribalNoteAssigningLand scribe’s note on assigning of land. Scribal Note - Assigning Land
ScribalNoteBequeathing scribe’s note on bequeathing. Scribal Note - Bequeathing
RecordReconciliation Records concerning a settlement of a legal case, related to the next category; usually in Amharic, very extensive, very difficult to understand. Frequently with the date of the writing, names of the persons involved. Record Reconciliation
RecordLitigation Similar to Reconciliation Records, but with the settlement of the dispute not clearly indicated; only the dispute itself is referred to. Sometimes the word “dispute” was also used. Record Litigation
RecordTransaction text documenting an act of selling or buying something, in many cases a house and land, sometimes a book. Record Transaction
RecordDistribution documentary record concerning the distribution of goods or lands. Record Distribution
RecordGuarantors documentary record concerning the guarantors of a transaction or a loan. Record Guarantors
Record generic note of a documentary, official character. Record
ScribalSupplication scribe’s entreat to God. Scribal Supplication
Unclear Content is too vague to assign another category or resists any interpretation. Unclear
GuarantorsList Lists of individuals, sometimes independent from any other note or context, but with the word was/waḥəs used to describe their role. Sometimes a list of guarantors/witnesses may be included into an acquisition note; normally into a litigation/reconciliation record. Guarantors List
CommemorativeNote The term stands for an extract from the Synaxarion (i.e., identified text), or a text close or similar to the Synaxarion notice. Also, some Synaxarion manuscripts have a number of added notices, mostly short, written in a secondary hand(s) in the margins, extending the local commemorative practice. Sometimes they go with ʾarke-hymns (as they are in the regular Synaxarion), or are just ʾarke-hymns. Commemorative Note
Condemnation note condemning those who stole the book or erased it. Condemnation
ProtectivePrayer prayer to be read or carried along for protective purposes. Protective Prayer
Poem Rarely used without further specification, otherwise the term “hymn” is applied (seems to be more suitable for written religious poetry). Poem
PoemQene Despite wide-spread opinion that qene is a poetic improvisation which is not written down, manuscripts contain unexpectedly many qene-poems, usually as additional notes. Frequently it is clearly stated the the poem is qene, and even the type is indicated. But no one tried to check if these poems formally correspond to what we know today as qene-forms. Poem Qene
PoemSalam Short hymn starting with words ሰላም፡ አብል፡ ለ... or ሰላም፡ ለ... There is a confusion here, since malkəʾ also include the words salam la-…, and there are longer composition with stanzas starting with salam la- Poem Salam
PoemArke A short hymn of ca. 5 lines following the commemorative notice in the Synaxarion; can circulate independently. Poem Arke
StampExlibris stamp affixed by the owning institution, e.g., a library. Stamp Exlibris
CalendaricNote Note in whatever way related to the calendar or computus, or reckoning time or calculating feasts; sometimes with such terms as bahrä hassab, or sǝfrä säˁat, or list of feasts with the dates, or lists of fasting periods. Some notes can be found also by means of the key-word “computus”. Poorly understood. Calendaric Note
Excerpt “(Name of the work), excerpt from ”, i.e. the source should be indicated. Excerpt
Letter Written message looking like a sample of the epistolary genre copied into a manuscript. It can be a personal message to one specific community or person, or a “public” message to institutions and communities. Some libraries still preserve the paper letters from the time of Hayla Sellase I. Letter
MagicFormula set form of words to be recited or carried along for healing and protecting. Magic Formula
MagicText elaborate note to be recited or carried along for healing and protecting. Magic Text
Comment note added at a later stage in order to comment word or passages of the main text. See also “Gloss”. Comment
Correction Found in many manuscripts, sometimes in significant numbers. The same problem as with “Gloss” and “Commentary” (recorded in “Varia”, no exact specification). Addition of omitted passages, words or letters (using various forms of the tamallas-sign), and corrections written over erasures seem to be the most frequent. Correction
Gloss Refers to a note aimed to solve a purely language difficulty, in particular adding clarifications to difficult words (frequently just single words, synonyms, in Amharic or Gǝʿǝz, or sometimes longer passages). The big problem is to understand that the writing is a true gloss and not a correction or something else. Gloss
Excommunication note excommunicating an individual from a religious community, e.g., a monastery. Excommunication
GuestText Any literary work /text which has been added to the manuscript as an additional note, in part (excerpts) or in entirety. It can be a small size or even mid-size composition (frequently malke’). Typical cases are works written on guard leaves, sometimes even in the reversed direction or transgressing the codicological settings of the main texts in any different way. Guest Text
MalkeHymn The hymn of composed of some 50 stanzas, describing the “limbs” of a saint (but there are also Malkeʾ for the Trinity, Covenant of Mercy, Jesus, St. Mary, even for literary works, icons etc.). Malke Hymn
Directive Mostly in Amharic; usually addressed to the ministers as to how the texts should be read or how the church service/liturgy be carried out. Technical directives only, other formulas. The words በል, አንብ are frequently included. Directive
Asmat Sometimes developed, with the formalized incipit and explicit, sometimes nothing more than a short string of “hidden God’s names”, written in a crude hand. Asmat
CustomaryLaw Rare, but important records explaining the local customary law. Usually in Amharic, difficult to understand. Customary Law
Statutes Regulations, statutes, constitutions of the churches; monastic rules. Statutes
MixedNote Notes difficult to classify. Mixed Note
Example 1

Example from DSEthiop2


                            <item xml:id="a9">
                                <locus target="#76vb"></locus>
                                <desc type="OwnershipNote"></desc>
                                <q xml:lang="gez">ዝመጽሐፍ፡ <persName ref="PRS11986GabraI" role="owner"><roleName type="title">አባ፡</roleName> ገብረ፡ ኢየሱስ፡ ወልደ፡
                                            ሚካኤ<sic resp="DR"></sic></persName>
                                    <placeName ref="INS0479DabraM">ደብረማርያም፡</placeName></q>
                            </item>
                        

dim

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

See Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines on dimensions. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute unit

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
mm
leaf
quire
page

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
intercolumn
top
bottom
right
left
outer
margin
Example 1

Example from MNC001


                            <dimensions type="margin" unit="mm">
                                <dim type="top">32</dim>
                                <dim type="bottom">48</dim>
                                <dim type="left">15</dim>
                                <dim type="right">33</dim>
                                <dim type="intercolumn">10</dim>
                            </dimensions>
                        

dimensions

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

A rule enforces for computation purposes the use of full stop instead of commas in the numeric values for dimensions Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:dimensions/tei:* contains(.,',') please, make sure you use a dot for decimal notation like in 13.5, not a comma 13,5

Attibutes list

attribute rend

This attribute can have a maximum of 6 values separated by a space.

This is a semi list of allowed values

value definition
pricked
ruled
Example 1

Example from FSUffhludolfII22


                            <extent>
                                <measure unit="page">436</measure>
                                <dimensions type="outer" unit="cm">
                                    <height>20</height>
                                    <width>16</width>
                                </dimensions>
                            </extent>
                        

div

Mode : change

Module : textstructure

Schema specification

Types are inherited from the EpiDoc schema. The subtype values determine the additional semantic value of the textpart for example.Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:div[parent::tei:body] @type='textpart' the outermost div must always have an attribute type edition, bibliography, commentary, translation or apparatus; type textpart is to be used inside edition.

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
apparatus to contain apparatus criticus or textual notes
bibliography to contain bibliographical information, previous publications, etc.
commentary to contain all editorial commentary, historical/prosopographical discussion, etc.
edition to contain the text of the edition itself; may include multiple text-parts
textpart used to divide a div[type=edition] into multiple parts (fragments, columns, faces, etc.)
translation to contain a translation of the text into one or more modern languages

attribute subtype

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
book this container is for a book and may contain chapters
chapter this container is for a chapter and may contain sections
stanza this container is for a stanza and may contain verses
incipit incipit of the text
explicit explicit of the text
canon to be used for canonical texts like LIT2688CanonsNicaea2
Example 1

Example from LIT2422Tarika


                            <div type="textpart" subtype="chapter" xml:lang="am" xml:id="Genealogy" corresp="LIT3854KingList">
                                <label>Genealogy and History of the kings of Ethiopia from <persName ref="PRS1386Adam"></persName> to
                                    <persName ref="PRS9142TaklaGi"></persName>/ʾAdbǝʾal, successor of Fǝre Śannāy</label>
                            </div>
                        
Example 2

Example from LIT2382Taamme


                            <div type="textpart" xml:id="John">
                                <label>On John the Evangelist as the author of the book; on the creation and the fall of the angels</label>
                            </div>
                        
Example 3

Example from LIT2516Wisdom


                            <div type="textpart" subtype="section" n="18" xml:id="section18">
                                <ab>
                                    ...
                            </ab>
                            </div>
                        

editor

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute key

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
AB Alessandro Bausi
ABr Antonella Brita
ES Eugenia Sokolinski
PL Pietro Maria Liuzzo
DN Denis Nosnitsin
MV Massimo Villa
SG Solomon Gebreyes Beyene
DR Dorothea Reule
FP Francesca Panini
SS Sisay Sahile
RHC Ran HaCohen
SJ Sybilla Jenner
JG Jacopo Gnisci
SA Stéphane Ancel
SD Sophia Dege
VP Vitagrazia Pisani
IF Iosif Fridman
SH Susanne Hummel
FP Francesca Panini
DE Daria Elagina
MK Magdalena Krzyzanowska
VR Veronika Roth
AA Abreham Adugna
EG Ekaterina Gusarova
IR Irene Roticiani
MB Maria Bulakh
NV Nafisa Valieva
MP Michele Petrone
JK Jonas Karlsson
EDS Eliana Dal Sasso
SF Sara Fani
IP Irmeli Perho
RBO Rasmus Bech Olsen
AR Anne Regourd
AH Adday Hernández
JS Joshua Sabih
AW Andreas Wetter'
JML John Møller Larsen
AG Alessandro Gori
AWi Anaïs Wion
SD Steve Delamarter
RL Ralph Lee
JS Jonah Sandford
WD Wolfgang Dickhut
CH Carsten Hoffmann
AE Andreas Ellwardt
HE Hiruie Ermias

attribute role

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
generalEditor

explicit

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
subscription note originally added at the end of the main text concerning its completion. not to be confused with later additions
supplication entreat to God for help
Example 1

Example from FSUor12


                            <explicit xml:lang="gez" type="subscription">በዝየ፡ ተፈጸመ፡ ራእየ፡ ሕዝቅኤል፡ ነቢይ፡ ጸሎቱ፡ ወበረከቱ፡ የሃሉ፡ ምስለ፡
                                ፍቁሩ፡ <hi rend="rubric">
                                    <persName ref="PRS11725Mardokyos">መርዶክዮስ፡</persName>
                                </hi> ለዓለመ፡ ዓለም፡ አሜን፡ ወአሜን፡ ለይኩን፡ ለይኩን፨</explicit>
                        

faith

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

<faith> can only have a set number of values for type. Please note the way they are organized in the taxonomy. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This attribute can have a maximum of 3 values separated by a space.

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
Christianity Unspecified Christian
Anglican Christian Anglican, belonging to the Anglican Church after the reformation
Catholicism Christian Catholic, belonging to the Catholic Church after 1054
Protestantism Christian Protestant, belonging to a Protestant church after the reformation
Orthodox Christian Orthodox, belonging to a pre-Chalcedonian Church or an Orthodox church after 1054
EOTC Christian Orthodox, belonging to the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Greek Greek Orthodox Christian
Russian Russian Orthodox Christian
Armenian Armenian Orthodox Christian
Coptic Christian Coptic Orthodox
Syriac Christian Syriac Orthodox ("Jacobite")
Islam Unspecified Islam
Sunni Sunni Islam
Shia Shia Islam
Judaism Unspecified Judaism
Oromo Traditional Oromo belief system
Gurage Traditional Gurage belief system
Traditional Traditional non-Christian or Muslim belief system
Ethiopian Traditional Ethiopian belief system
Aksumite
notSpecified
Example 1

Example from PRS10036Wansleb


                            <person sex="1" sameAs="Q3180611">
                                <persName>
                                    <forename>Johann-Michael</forename>
                                    <surname>Wansleben</surname>
                                </persName>
                                <persName type="alt">Vanslebius</persName>
                                <persName type="alt">Wansleb</persName>
                                <persName type="alt">Vansleb</persName>
                                <occupation type="academic">scholar</occupation>
                                <birth when="1635-11-01"></birth>
                                <death when="1679-06-13"></death>
                                <faith type="Protestantism"></faith>
                                <faith type="Catholicism"></faith>
                            </person>
                        

gap

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

This was initially inherited from the EpiDoc schema version 8.21. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute reason

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
lost used to indicate a material loss or a portion of text that is to be hypothesized for material reasons ("it was there!"), but which is lost for loss of the material
illegible a sign, pointing to the place where the text should be added
omitted Words or lines skipped in omitted by the editor in transcription
ellipsis Text omitted from the edition by the editor, for whatever reason (brevity, context, language, etc.)
Example 1

Example from DW03


                            <incipit xml:lang="gez">
                                <locus target="#197ra"></locus>
                                <hi rend="rubric">አመ፡ ፳ወ፭ለተሙዝ፡ <gap reason="lost"></gap> በዕብብራውያን፡
                                    በስመ፡ እግዚአብሔር፡ ልዑል፡ ብሑ</hi>ተ፡ ህሉና፡ ወስልጣን። ዝንቱ፡ ወርኃ፡ ነሓሲ፡
                                ወውእቱ፡ ፲ወ፪እምኆልቈ፡ አውራኅ<hi rend="rubric">፨</hi></incipit>
                        
Example 2

Example from ESmr004


                            በስመ፡ <gap reason="omitted" extent="unknown"></gap> ወይትመጦ፡
                        

geo

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

The rules here help the encoding of the coordinates. It is anyway preferable to use the sameAs in <place> if possible to point to an external authority with coordinates. If this is not possible than coordinates might be provided. Please do not delete coordinates if you add an external pointer. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:geo[not(@rend)] not(matches(.,'\-?\d{1,2}\.\d{3,6}\s\-?\d{1,2}\.\d{3,6}')) Coordinates should be written as decimal degrees separated by a single space e.g. "14.165289 39.447665" latitude first.
tei:geo[@rend] matches(.,'\,') Please use one for line for each point defining the polygon. Please do not add spaces at the beginning and end of the sequence. You can draw your polygon with https://www.keene.edu/campus/maps/tool/ and copy past directly from there. Just take care, please, to remove the commas afterwards..
tei:geo[@rend] matches(.,'ˆ\s') Please use one for line for each point defining the polygon. Please do not add spaces at the beginning and end of the sequence. You can draw your polygon with https://www.keene.edu/campus/maps/tool/ and copy past directly from there. Just take care, please, to remove the commas afterwards..
tei:geo[@rend] matches(.,'\s$') Please use one for line for each point defining the polygon. Please do not add spaces at the beginning and end of the sequence. You can draw your polygon with https://www.keene.edu/campus/maps/tool/ and copy past directly from there. Just take care, please, to remove the commas afterwards..

handNote

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

<handNote> should have a xml:id starting with h and the value for script is limited to the values in the list.Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:handNote not(matches(@xml:id,'h\d+')) HandNotes must have ids starting with the letter 'h' followed by a progressive number, e.g. h1, h2, h3

Attibutes list

attribute xml:id

attribute script

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
Arabic
Cyrillic
Ethiopic
Georgian
Latin
other
Syriac
Coptic
Greek
Sabaean
Sudarabic
Example 1

Example from BLadd16194


                            <handNote xml:id="h1" script="Ethiopic">
                                <seg type="script">Written in a rather fine handwriting.</seg>
                                <seg type="ink">Black, red.</seg>
                                <seg type="rubrication">Rubrics.</seg>
                            </handNote>
                        

incipit

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
supplication entreat to God for help
Example 1

Example from BLorient645


                            <incipit xml:lang="gez" type="supplication">
                                <locus target="#15ra"></locus>
                                ጸሎታ፡ ወበረከታ፡ ወምሕረተ፡ ፍቁር፡ ወልዳ፡ የሀሉ፡ ምስለ፡ ገብራ፡ <subst><del rend="erasure"></del>
                                    <add place="overstrike"><hi rend="rubric">አመታ፡ <persName ref="PRS12269LahyaD">ላህየ፡ ድንግል፡</persName></hi></add></subst>
                                <del rend="erasure">ወለተ፡</del> <persName ref="PRS12268Giyorgis"><hi rend="rubric">ጊዮርጊስ፡</hi></persName> ለዓለመ፡ ዓለም<hi rend="rubric">፤</hi>
                            </incipit>
                        

item

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

The generic element is used with specific meaning in <list> inside <collation> and <additions> with the additional use of a semantic value for the xml:id some special values for the type are provided to be used only when the ancestor is <collation>. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:item[ancestor::tei:collation] not(@xml:id) items in collation must have an @xml:id
tei:item[ancestor::tei:collation] not(matches(@xml:id,'q\d+')) Items in Collation must have ids starting with the letter 'q' followed by a progressive number, e.g. q1, q2, q3
tei:item[ancestor::tei:collation] not(child::tei:dim) child::tei:dim[not(matches(.,'\d+'))] Please always add a dim element inside your quire descriptionsDimensions of quire should be given as integers.
tei:item[ancestor::tei:additions] not(@xml:id) items in additions must have an @xml:id
tei:item[ancestor::tei:additions] not(matches(@xml:id,'a\d+') or matches(@xml:id,'e\d+')) Additions must have ids starting with the letter 'a' followed by a progressive number, e.g. a1, a2, a3. In case of other contents (varia) use an id starting with 'e.
tei:item[ancestor::tei:additions] tei:desc/tei:locus[@facs] The locus of the addition should be child of the item, not of desc. Please move it outside of the desc element, just before it for exemple.

Attibutes list

attribute rend

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
marginal
guardLeaf
Example 1

Example from EMIP00155


                            <item xml:id="q5" n="5">
                                <dim unit="leaf">8</dim>
                                <locus from="35" to="42"></locus>
                                Quire 5
                            </item>
                        
Example 2

Example from BAVet1


                            <item xml:id="a1">
                                <desc type="Supplication"></desc>
                                <q xml:lang="ar">
                                    اذكر يا رب عبدك الخاطي المسكين قسيس غبريال المصري قاصد البطرك الاسكندراني وراهب دير العذرى مريم جبل الطير واذكر يا رب كاللذين يذكرنا من الابهات الحبش
                                </q>
                                <q xml:lang="en">
                                    Remember, o my Lord, your servant, the poor sinner priest Ġabriyāl the Egyptian, delegate of the Alexandrine patriarch and monk of the Monastery of the Virgin Mary of Ǧabal al-Ṭayr; and remember, o Lord, those who will commemorate us amongst the Ethiopian fathers
                                </q>
                                <note>
                                    The note is written in Arabic on the front board on its inner side. It was drawn up by the Egyptian priest
                                    <persName ref="PRS10777Gabriyal">Ġabriyāl</persName>
                                    .
                                </note>
                            </item>
                        

language

Mode : change

Module : header

Schema specification

List of language codes with expanded value. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute ident

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
am Amharic
om Afaan Oromoo
ar Arabic
hy Armenian
cop Coptic
geo Georgian
la Latin
fr French
grc Greek
gez Gǝʿǝz
he Hebrew
it Italian
fa Persian
syr Syriac
tu Turkish
ti Tigrinya
en English
sv Swedish
ru Russian
de German
es Spanish
pal Pahlavi
gft Gāfāt
awn Awngi
pt Portuguese

listBibl

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

<listBibl> can only have a set number of values for type. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:listBibl[@type='catalogue'] ancestor::tei:TEI/@type = 'work' Catalogue bibliography is meaningful only for a manuscript description. If the information about a work is in a catalogue, please use the value "secondary" for the attribute type.
tei:listBibl[@type='editions'] ancestor::tei:TEI/@type = 'mss' Edition bibliography is meaningful only for a textual unit description. If the information about this manuscript is found in the edition of a text, please use the value "secondary" for the attribute type.

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
mss
catalogue Descriptions in manuscript catalogues of the subject of the record
editions Editions of the work
text
otherLanguages
clavis ID of the work in an external clavis (CC, CPG etc.)
translation Modern translations of the work
secondary Secondary bibliography on the subject of the record
Example 1

Example from LIT4847Actsof


                          <div type="bibliography">
          <listBibl type="secondary">
             <bibl>
                <ptr target="bm:Habtemichael2005EAEAkkonu"></ptr>
             </bibl>
             <bibl>
                <ptr target="bm:Grohmann1919Marien"></ptr>
                <citedRange unit="page">322-382</citedRange>
             </bibl>
          </listBibl>
          <listBibl type="editions">
             <bibl>
                <ptr target="bm:Grohmann1919Marien"></ptr>
                <citedRange unit="page">336-352</citedRange>
             </bibl>
          </listBibl>
       </div>
                        

listRelation

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

<listRelation> is needed everywhere to encoders which want to keep relevant relation statements close to the part of the file they refer to. This does not prevent beeing able to have one <listRelation> only with all relations in it. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

classes

<classes>
                        <memberOf key="model.global"></memberOf>
                    </classes>
Example 1

Example from RIE185and270


                            <history>
                                <origin>
                                    <origPlace> It was seen by the DAE in a private house in
                                            <placeName ref="LOC1310Aksum"></placeName>
                                    </origPlace>
                                    <origDate notBefore="0300" notAfter="0400"></origDate>
                                    <listRelation>
                                        <relation name="saws:isDirectCopyOf" active="RIE185bisand270bis" passive="RIE185and270">
                                            <desc>There are two sets of the so-called
                                                ‘pseudo-trilingual’ royal inscriptions, RIÉ nos 185
                                                and 270, which correspond to two sets of three
                                                parallel texts each, respectively in Ethiopic in
                                                South Arabian script (RIÉ nos 185 I and 185bis I),
                                                in Ethiopic in Ethiopic non-vocalized script (RIÉ
                                                nos 185 II and 185bis II), and in Greek language and
                                                script (RIÉ nos 270 and 270bis)</desc>
                                        </relation>
                                    </listRelation>
                                </origin>
                            </history>
                        

locus

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

locus must have placement attributes, either target or to and fromBeta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

content

<content>
                        <macroRef key="macro.xtext"></macroRef>
                        <sequence>

                            <classRef key="tei_model.certLike" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"></classRef>

                        </sequence>
                    </content>
context rule report
tei:locus not(@target or @from or @to) ancestor::tei:div[@type='edition'] locus must have either an exact reference to a page with @target or a range indicated with @from and @to or either of the two if the other extreme of the range is unknown. Please do not use "unknown" as value. The structuring elements used in a manuscript transcription are div, pb and cb. locus is used to point to values of these elements in the teiHeader.
Example 1

Example from BLorient645


        <locus from="4va" to="4vb"></locus>
    
Example 2

Example from BLorient636


                            <locus target="#6r"></locus>
                        

material

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Use one of the values provided for key. Additionally you can add a ref to point to the Eagle Vocabularies, especially if the material can be specified further.Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute key

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
wood
papyrus
cardboard
leather
metal
paper
textile
other
parchment
silk
stone
bronze
alabaster
Example 1

Example from RIE180


                            <supportDesc>
                                <support>
                                    <material key="bronze" ref="https://www.eagle-network.eu/voc/material/lod/109"></material>
                                    <objectType ref="https://www.eagle-network.eu/voc/objtyp/lod/2">Unknown</objectType>
                                </support>
                            </supportDesc>
                        

msDesc

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Sometimes we know of manuscripts which have a part which has been moved to another manuscript. In this case we know of a fragment of this manuscript inside another manuscript so we need to use both <msPart> and <msFrag> in <msDesc>. This was discussed in issue 1747 of TEI-C. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

content

<content>
                        <sequence>
                            <elementRef key="msIdentifier"></elementRef>
                            <classRef key="model.headLike" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"></classRef>
                            <alternate>
                                <classRef key="model.pLike" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="unbounded"></classRef>
                                <sequence>
                                    <elementRef key="msContents" minOccurs="0"></elementRef>
                                    <elementRef key="physDesc" minOccurs="0"></elementRef>
                                    <elementRef key="history" minOccurs="0"></elementRef>
                                    <elementRef key="additional" minOccurs="0"></elementRef>
                                    
                                    <elementRef key="msPart" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"></elementRef>
                                    <elementRef key="msFrag" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"></elementRef>
                                </sequence>
                            </alternate>
                        </sequence>
                    </content>
Allow both <msPart> and <msFrag> to occur in <msDesc>. See BNFet45

msFrag

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:msFrag not(matches(@xml:id,'p\d+')) matches(@xml:id,'(_.*){2}') Manuscript parts ids must start with the letter 'f' followed by a progressive number, e.g. p1, p1.3, p1.1_i1.1 The Underscore is used in ids to mark a nesting of different ids, especially items in parts. there should thus be only one of them as a maximum. If you have parts into parts or items into items, please use a full stop. f1.2_i3.4 is e.g. the subitem 4 of item 3 in subpart 2 of part 1.

Attibutes list

attribute xml:id

Example 1

Example from BLorient829


                            <msFrag xml:id="f1">
                                <msIdentifier>
                                    <repository ref="INS00001BL"></repository>
                                    <collection>Oriental</collection>
                                    <idno>BL Oriental 829, ff. 5-6</idno>
                                    <altIdentifier>
                                        <idno>Wright cat. XXIX</idno>
                                    </altIdentifier>
                                    <altIdentifier>
                                        <idno>Wright 29</idno>
                                    </altIdentifier>
                                </msIdentifier> <msContents> ... </msContents> <physDesc> ...
                                </physDesc>
                            </msFrag>
                        

msItem

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Please note the semantically meaningful structure of the xml:id Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:msItem not(matches(@xml:id,'_i\d+')) matches(@xml:id,'(_.*){2}') Content Items in Manuscript parts must have ids starting with the reference to the part in which they are contained, then underscore and the letter 'i' followed by a progressive number, e.g. p1.1_i1.1, p1.1_i2. The Underscore is used in ids to mark a nesting of different ids, especially items in parts. there should thus be only one of them as a maximum. If you have parts into parts or items into items, please use a full stop. p1.2_i3.4 is e.g. the subitem 4 of item 3 in subpart 2 of part 1.

Attibutes list

attribute xml:id

Example 1

Example from BNFet152


                            <msItem xml:id="ms_i1">
                                <title type="complete">Copy of the Gǝʿǝz Grammar by <persName ref="PRS9769Vittori"></persName>
                                </title>
                                <note>This exemplar is dedicated to the cardinal <persName ref="PRS3079Cervini"></persName>.</note> ... </msItem>
                        

msPart

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:msPart not(matches(@xml:id,'p\d+')) matches(@xml:id,'(_.*){2}') Manuscript parts ids must start with the letter 'p' followed by a progressive number, e.g. p1, p1.3, p1.1_i1.1 The Underscore is used in ids to mark a nesting of different ids, especially items in parts. there should thus be only one of them as a maximum. If you have parts into parts or items into items, please use a full stop. p1.2_i3.4 is e.g. the subitem 4 of item 3 in subpart 2 of part 1.

Attibutes list

attribute xml:id

Example 1

Example from ONBAeth4


                            <msPart xml:id="p1">
                                <msIdentifier>
                                    <idno></idno>
                                </msIdentifier>
                                <msContents> ... </msContents>
                                <physDesc> ... </physDesc>
                                <history>
                                    <origin>
                                        <origDate notBefore="1700" notAfter="1862"></origDate>
                                    </origin>
                                </history> </msPart>
                        

nationality

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

<nationality> can only have a set number of values for type. You can use as many of this as you want, one for each nationality, but for Ethiopia you might want to specify a period as well, which you can do adding two values. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This attribute can have a maximum of 2 values separated by a space.

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
Ethiopia
Aksumite
post-Aksumite
post-1991
Eritrea
Harar
Oromo
Adal
ByzantineEmpire
OttomanEmpire
Turkey
Syria
Somalia
Djibouti
Sudan
AncientEgypt
Egypt
Coptic
Armenia
Italy
France
Germany
Russia/USSR
Babylon
Belgium
Netherlands
Greece
India
Israel/Palestine
Yemen
Nubia
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Denmark
USA
Vatican
Iran/Persia
notSpecified
Poland
Canada
UnitedKingdom
Scotland
Example 1

Example from PRS11682WaldaT


                            <person sex="1">
                                <persName xml:lang="gez" xml:id="n1">
                                    <sic resp="PRS9622Ullendor">ወለደ፡ ትንኤሣ፡</sic>
                                </persName>
                                <persName xml:lang="gez" type="normalized" corresp="#n1">Walda
                                    Tǝnśāʾe</persName>
                                <nationality type="post-Aksumite Ethiopia"></nationality>
                            </person>
                        

note

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

The value in this list are used by the Ethiopic Manuscript Archives project and should be used only when encoding data following their approach. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
commemoration
liturgical
résumé
scientifique
transcription

objectDesc

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

Use one of the values provided for form. Additionally you can add a ref to point to the Eagle Vocabularies, especially if the material can be specified further.Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:msDesc (//tei:objectDesc)[1][not(@form)] At least the first objectDesc of msDesc must have attribute form specified.

Attibutes list

attribute form

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
Codex manuscript format consisting of quires bound together to the spine, in their turn made up of a variable number of leaves sewn together and protected by two hard boards.
Scroll manuscript format consisting of one continuous flow of writing material rolled up, generally around one or two wooden cylindrical supports.
Leporello manuscript format consisting of one leaf assembled in a multiple zig-zag folding, resembling an accordion, and generally enclosed between two hard boards.
Leaf manuscript format consisting of one single unbound sheet.
Other other manuscript formats.
Book A printed book.
Photograph A photograph.
Inscription An inscribed object different from a codex, scroll or leaf
Notebook An object consisting of an industrially produced paperblock in the form of a notebook.
Example 1

Example from BLorient636


                            <objectDesc form="Codex">
                                ...
                            </objectDesc>
                        

occupation

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

<occupation> can only have a set number of values for type.Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
ruler Ruler of a country, region or similar
military Military occupation
academic Occupation within an academic institution or independently pursuing academic interests
political Political occupation (other than ruler)
literary Literary activities (i.e. author, translator)
ecclesiastic Occupation within a religious institution
medical Medical occupation
art Artistic occupation or interests
other Other occupation
Example 1

Example from PRS2368Bahrey


                            <occupation type="ecclesiastic">writer, historian,
                                ethnographer</occupation>
                        

origDate

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

The constraint suggests to use when instead of repeating the same date in notBefore and notAfter. A list of values for type is offered and evidence is also defined with a list of values. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:origDate @notBefore = @notAfter For an exact date, please use @when.

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
editor
mss
literature
foundation
composition
translation
revision

attribute evidence

This attribute can have a maximum of 6 values separated by a space.

This is a semi list of allowed values

value definition
lettering Text dated palaeographically
nomenclature Text dated by nomenclature or onomastics
prosopography Text dated by known persons named or implied within it
reign Text dated by the reign of a ruler
titulature Text dated by the use of official titles
internal-date Text dated by explicit internal date
context Archaeological, epigraphic, iconographic or other context of the text support
Example 1

Example from IVEf922


                            <origDate when="1903-03-12" evidence="internal-date"></origDate>
                        

origin

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

There should always be a date of some kind. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:origin not(child::tei:origDate) At least one date must be specified, preferably with a type to indicate the origin of it and evidence

persName

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

We enforce the consistent identification of all persons tagged. hence the ref attribute must always be there if you use this element. A rule is present to try and avoid extra spaces. Optionally a role can be added to specify the role which this person performs in the context. Note this is NOT the same thing as tagging a <roleName> inside the persName. for use in person records, a list of values for type is also provided. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:persName[ancestor::tei:TEI[@type='mss' or @type='place' or @type='ins' or @type='work']][not(parent::tei:respStmt)] not(@ref) not(matches(@ref, 'PRS\d+\w+') or matches(@ref, 'ETH\d+\w+')) A persName in a mss, place or work description should always contain an attribute @ref pointing to the relevant recordThe person ID you have entered is wrong. Persons IDs must match the pattern PRS\d+\w+ or ETH\d+\w+ .
tei:persName[not(text())][not(parent::tei:person)] matches(following-sibling::text()[1], '^\w') or matches(preceding-sibling::text()[1], '\w$') There should be a space before and one after the element persName

Attibutes list

attribute ref

attribute role

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
illustrator the illustrator of the manuscript
scribe the copyist of the manuscript
donor the person who donated the manuscript
bequeather the person who donated the manuscript, tipically to a library
author the author of a work
translator the translator of a work
binder manuscript binder
parchmentMaker parchment maker
owner the owner of a ms or an item
patron the commissioner of a ms or an item
tabot the saint to whom the tabot is dedicated
sponsor the person paying for a ms (possibly not the same as donor/commissioner)
other

attribute type

This is a list of allowed values

value definition
normalized the normalized transcription of the name in fidal or another script
given name received later in life, different from the other specified types of names
birth name given at birth
baptismal name given at baptism
regnal name given on coronation (kings and queens but also patriarchs)
monastic name given on entering monastic life
horse the name of the battle horse of kings and rulers
nick a name given to a person associated to his occupation or other deeds
war nom de guerre (if different from horse name, e.g. Malas)
hypocoristic short form (diminutive or abbreviated, e.g. Taklo for Takla Māryām)
patronymic father's name, esp. for eventual Russian names, but could be also highlighted in others
alt alternative name
Example 1

Example from PRS5326hezbaAs


                            <persName xml:lang="gez" xml:id="n1" type="birth">ሕይበ፡ አስገድ፡</persName>
                        
Example 2

Example from IVefiopsk15


                            <persName ref="PRS11770Savvaitov" role="bequeather"></persName>
                        

personGrp

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

The role is used with some suggested values to determine which sort of group is the one described. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute role

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
ethnic records with this type represent an ethnic group as a whole and in general
congregation
militaryUnit
Example 1

Example from ETH2268Falh


                            <personGrp role="militaryUnit">
                                <persName xml:lang="gez" xml:id="n1">ፈልሐ ፡</persName>
                                <persName xml:lang="gez" corresp="#n1" type="normalized">Falḥa</persName>
                                <note>Military unit</note>
                            </personGrp>
                        

place

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

In place records you can use up to 6 values for type from those in the taxonomy inherited from the Encyclopaedia Aethiopica. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This attribute can have a maximum of 6 values separated by a space.

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
privateHouse See privateHouse in Beta maṣāḥǝft
tabiya See tabiya in Beta maṣāḥǝft
dabr See dabr in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gadam See gadam in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gatar See gatar in Beta maṣāḥǝft
warada See warada in Beta maṣāḥǝft
settlement See settlement in Beta maṣāḥǝft
archaeologicalSite See archaeologicalSite in Beta maṣāḥǝft
shrine See shrine in Beta maṣāḥǝft
town See town in Beta maṣāḥǝft
region See region in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ethnic See ethnic in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ford See ford in Beta maṣāḥǝft
RegionalState See RegionalState in Beta maṣāḥǝft
province See province in Beta maṣāḥǝft
monastery See monastery in Beta maṣāḥǝft
church See church in Beta maṣāḥǝft
lake See lake in Beta maṣāḥǝft
area See area in Beta maṣāḥǝft
river See river in Beta maṣāḥǝft
mountain See mountain in Beta maṣāḥǝft
mosque See mosque in Beta maṣāḥǝft
district See district in Beta maṣāḥǝft
valley See valley in Beta maṣāḥǝft
state See state in Beta maṣāḥǝft
port See port in Beta maṣāḥǝft
religiousSite See religiousSite in Beta maṣāḥǝft
zone See zone in Beta maṣāḥǝft
country See country in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gulf See gulf in Beta maṣāḥǝft
qushat See qushat in Beta maṣāḥǝft
pass See pass in Beta maṣāḥǝft
island See island in Beta maṣāḥǝft
cataract See cataract in Beta maṣāḥǝft
kingdom See kingdom in Beta maṣāḥǝft
fort See fort in Beta maṣāḥǝft
spring See spring in Beta maṣāḥǝft
plateau See plateau in Beta maṣāḥǝft
forest See forest in Beta maṣāḥǝft
administrativeUnit See administrativeUnit in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gulf See gulf in Beta maṣāḥǝft
emirate See emirate in Beta maṣāḥǝft
station See station in Beta maṣāḥǝft
plain See plain in Beta maṣāḥǝft
rockSite See rockSite in Beta maṣāḥǝft
strait See strait in Beta maṣāḥǝft
volcano See volcano in Beta maṣāḥǝft
city See city in Beta maṣāḥǝft
falls See falls in Beta maṣāḥǝft
amba See amba in Beta maṣāḥǝft
sultanate See sultanate in Beta maṣāḥǝft
sea See sea in Beta maṣāḥǝft
cape See cape in Beta maṣāḥǝft
chapel See chapel in Beta maṣāḥǝft
zoba See zoba in Beta maṣāḥǝft
wadi See wadi in Beta maṣāḥǝft
dam See dam in Beta maṣāḥǝft
quarter See quarter in Beta maṣāḥǝft
well See well in Beta maṣāḥǝft
awragga See awragga in Beta maṣāḥǝft
site See site in Beta maṣāḥǝft
katama See katama in Beta maṣāḥǝft
port See port in Beta maṣāḥǝft
oasis See oasis in Beta maṣāḥǝft
river See river in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gorge See gorge in Beta maṣāḥǝft
cave See cave in Beta maṣāḥǝft
strait See strait in Beta maṣāḥǝft
post See post in Beta maṣāḥǝft
market See market in Beta maṣāḥǝft
temple See temple in Beta maṣāḥǝft
planet See planet in Beta maṣāḥǝft
fort See fort in Beta maṣāḥǝft
farm See farm in Beta maṣāḥǝft
desert See desert in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gulf See gulf in Beta maṣāḥǝft
qabale See qabale in Beta maṣāḥǝft
peninsula See peninsula in Beta maṣāḥǝft
castle See castle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
bay See bay in Beta maṣāḥǝft
academicInstitution See academicInstitution in Beta maṣāḥǝft
library See library in Beta maṣāḥǝft
museum See museum in Beta maṣāḥǝft
hill See hill in Beta maṣāḥǝft
depression See depression in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Example 1

Example from INS0105DD


                            <place type="church monastery" subtype="institution" sameAs="Q595895">
                                ... </place>
                        

placeName

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

We enforce the consistent identification of all places tagged. hence the ref attribute must always be there if you use this element. A rule is present to try and avoid extra spaces. For use in place records, a list of values for type is also provided. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:placeName[ancestor::tei:TEI[@type='mss' or @type='pers' or @type='work']] not(@ref) not(matches(@ref, 'INS\d+\w+') or matches(@ref, 'LOC\d+\w+') or matches(@ref, 'Q\d+') or matches(@ref, 'pleiades:\d+')) A placeName in a mss, person or work description should always contain an attribute @ref pointing to the relevant recordThe place identifier you have entered is wrong. Place IDs must match LOC\d+\w+ for places, INS\d+\w+ for institutions, Q\d+ for wikidata items or pleiades:\d+ for ancient places in the Pleiades Gazetteer.
tei:placeName[not(text())][not(parent::tei:place)] matches(following-sibling::text()[1], '^\w') or matches(preceding-sibling::text()[1], '\w$') There should be a space before and one after the element placeName

Attibutes list

attribute ref

attribute type

This is a list of allowed values

value definition
normalized
library
academicInstitution
museum
Example 1

Example from LOC6538Aydam


                            <place type="region">
                                <placeName>Hermā</placeName>
                            </place>
                        
Example 2

Example from LIT1252Confes


                            <placeName ref="LOC3010Ethiop">ኢትዮጵያ፡</placeName>
                        

ptr

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

<ptr> element should always have a target pointing at a unique tag in the Zotero Ethio-Studies Library (prefixed 'bm:'). If the title is missing from the collection, please add it following the guidelines available here. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:ptr[starts-with(@target, 'bm:')] not(parent::tei:bibl) A ptr elements with a bibliographical reference target should always be inside a bibl element
Example 1

Example from LIT4633Chronicle


                            <listBibl type="editions">
                                <bibl>
                                    <ptr target="bm:Basset1882Chronicle"></ptr>
                                </bibl>
                                <bibl>
                                    <ptr target="bm:Guidi1961YohannesT"></ptr>
                                </bibl>
                            </listBibl>
                        

ref

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

These rules for change try to make sure that the values for type are only those in the list; that there is one of the pointer attributes; that target is only used with URLs; that there is a space before and after the element. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:ref not(@target or @corresp or @cRef) not(@type) and @corresp ref must be used with either a @corresp pointing to a project xml:id or a @target pointing to a an internal id or a @cRef pointing to an external urn, like those in PerseusPlease use @corresp only for external entities, assigning also a @type. if you need to point to something into the current file or to a resource external to the project use @target.
tei:ref[@target] not(starts-with(@target, '#') or starts-with(@target, 'http')) Please use @target if you need to point to something into the current file (e.g. #h1) or to point to a resource external to the project (http://www.example.com). if you need to point to a mss, use @corresp
tei:ref[not(text())] matches(following-sibling::text()[1], '^\w') or matches(preceding-sibling::text()[1], '\w$') There should be a space before and one after the element ref

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
mspart Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <msPart> in a manuscript record
author Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a person record
place Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a place record
item Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <msItem> in a manuscript record
hand Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <handNote> in a manuscript record
quire Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <item> in the <collation> of a manuscript record
mss Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a manuscript record
work Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a textual unit record
ins Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a repository record
pers Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a person record
title Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <title> in a textual unit record
deco Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <decoNote> in the <decoDesc> of a manuscript record
group Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <personGrp> in a person record
binding Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of a <bindingNote> in the <binding> of a manuscript record
authFile Please use this type if corresp is pointing to the xml:id of an authority file record
Example 1

Example from IVefiopsk10


                            <desc> Only the name of the owner <persName ref="PRS11706ArkaDengel"></persName>
                                ʾArka Dǝngǝl in <ref target="#a1"></ref>
                            </desc>
                        
Example 2

Example from IVefiopsk18


                            <note>The text of <ref target="#ms_i1.6">has been erased with the
                                    exception of the first word</ref></note>
                        
Example 3

Example from LIT4916PhysB


                            <div type="textpart" subtype="sentence" xml:id="ch4se2" n="2">
                                <ab>ዘይቤ፡ ዳዊት፡ በእንቲአሁ፡ <ref cRef="urn:dts:betmas:LIT2000Mazmur:101.7">ተመሰልኩ፡ <app>
                                            <lem wit="#D #E #F">ጰልቃን፡</lem>
                                            <rdg wit="#M #V">ጳልቃን፡</rdg>
                                        </app> ዘገዳም።</ref>
                                </ab>
                            </div>
                        
Example 4

Example from PRS11468BPamphili


                            <occupation type="academic">Librarian of the <ref type="ins" corresp="INS0003BAV">Biblioteca Apostolica
                                Vaticana</ref>.</occupation>
                        

relation

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

The <relation> element is used to link with a property two entities in our data. This allows the quick encoding of statements like X is a version of Y or A is son of B. Please refer to the Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines for more details and a list of the actually used relations. Clicking on the link in the description of the values availble for each property, you will be redirected to a query to the SPARQL endpoint which will give you up to 25 examples. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:relation not(parent::tei:listRelation) a relation element is only allowed within a listRelation

Attibutes list

attribute name

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
SdC:constituteUnit States that one or more identified discontinuities constitute a UniProd, which can be certain or hypothetical. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:containsUnits States that a UniCirc or a UniProd contains the Units declared in the <object>passive. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:hasUnitModel The Unit has one of the possible model for its class. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:undergoesTransformation Something happens to a UniCirc or less often a UniProd. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:hasTransformationModel Something happens to a UniCirc or less often a UniProd. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:hasTransformationPart If the model of the transformation is multiple, you can specify which individual parts constitute it. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:isPartOfTransformation If the model of the transformation is simple, you can specify of which individual mutiple transformation it is a part. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:produces A transcormation produces new UniProds. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:resultsIn A transformation results in a new UniProd or a new UniCirc. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:hasCertainty Certain or Hypothetique. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:hasStratum Declares for a UniCirc one or more of the Stratum types in Ansdrist 2015, 512. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
SdC:isStratumOf Declares one or more of the Stratum types in Ansdrist 2015, 512 and assign them to a UniCirc. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
skos:exactMatch http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#exactMatch Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
skos:broadMatch http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#broadMatch Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
skos:closeMatch http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#closeMatch Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
gn:nearBy http://www.geonames.org/ontology#nearby Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
gn:locatedIn http://www.geonames.org/ontology#locatedIn Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
dcterms:isPartOf http://purl.org/dc/terms/isPartOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
dcterms:hasPart http://purl.org/dc/terms/hasPart Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
lawd:hasAttestation http://lawd.info/ontology/hasAttestation Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
rel:enemyOf http://purl.org/vocab/relationship/enemyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
agrelon:isFounderOf http://d-nb.info/standards/elementset/agrelon.owl#isFounderOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
agrelon:hasFounder http://d-nb.info/standards/elementset/agrelon.owl#hasFounder Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:isAntigraphOf the relation between a ms and the first printed edition of a text it contains. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:hasLocus might be used to locate a unit defined relationally. If stated, a further relation is needed with one of the properties defining the locus. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:locusFrom the locus rante starts at. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:locusTo the locus range ends at. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:locusTarget the locus has target. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:wifeOf Is the wife of ... Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:husbandOf Is the husband of.. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:motherInLawOf is the mother of the legally conjugated partner. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:fatherInLawOf is the father of the legally conjugated partner. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:sonInLawOf is the husband of the daugther. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:brotherInLawOf is the brother of the legally conjugated partner. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:sisterInLawOf is the sister of the legally conjugated partner. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:daugtherInLawOf is the wife of the son. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:hasTabot This person has a Tābot at the location... Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:ordainedBy Ordained priest, bishop or monk. Same as Consecrated. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:hasOrdained has ordained to a religious ministery ... Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:hasBaptized has baptized ... Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:baptizedBy has been baptized by ... Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:isAuthorOfEthiopicTranslation The subject of the relation is author of a translation of a work in another language and there is no digital resource enabling us to document the authorship of this work and the fact that the work as such is a translation of another work. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:isGoldenGospelof The relation between a Golden Gospel and its original institution (even if the manuscript is now kept in a different place), to be used in cases where the definition of "Golden Gospel" is explicitly mentioned somewhere in the Gospel or when there is enough evidence that the Gospel is the main material repository of documentary texts related to a certain institution. Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:hasLexiconEntry corresponds to the lemma ... (associates a Dillmann Online Lexicon Linguae Aethiopicae person name to the person record in the subject). Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:isSuccessorOf The subject of the relation is the successor of... Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
bm:isPredecessorOf The subject of the relation is the predecessor of... Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
syriaca:different-from http://syriaca.org/documentation/relations.html#different-from Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
syriaca:has-literary-connection-to-place http://syriaca.org/documentation/relations.html#has-literary-connection-to-place Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
syriaca:has-relation-to-place http://syriaca.org/documentation/relations.html#has-relation-to-place Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
syriaca:possibly-identical http://syriaca.org/documentation/relations.html#possibly-identical Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
syriaca:share-a-name http://syriaca.org/documentation/relations.html#share-a-name Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
syriaca:share-a-title http://syriaca.org/documentation/relations.html#share-a-title Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
syriaca:born-at http://syriaca.org/documentation/relations.html#born-at Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isCopierOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isCopierOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:DaughterOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap# Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ChildOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ChildOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:BrotherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#BrotherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SeriousIntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SeriousIntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SiblingOfParentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SiblingOfParentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SeriousIntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SeriousIntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:AllianceWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#AllianceWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:CasualIntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#CasualIntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ChildOfSiblingOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ChildOfSiblingOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:EmnityFor http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#EmnityFor Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FriendshipFor http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FriendshipFor Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:Group http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#Group Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HereditaryFamilyOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HereditaryFamilyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:IntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#IntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:KinOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#KinOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:AncestorOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#AncestorOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:AuntOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#AuntOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:CousinOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#CousinOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ClaimedFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ClaimedFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ExtendedFamilyOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ExtendedFamilyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ExtendedHouseholdOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ExtendedHouseholdOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FamilyOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FamilyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FatherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FatherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FosterFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FosterFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FreedmanOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FreedmanOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FreedSlaveOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FreedSlaveOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FreedwomanOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FreedwomanOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FriendshipFor http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FriendshipFor Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandchildOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandchildOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GranddaughterOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GranddaughterOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandfatherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandfatherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandmotherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandmotherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandparentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandparentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandsonOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandsonOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GreatGrandfatherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GreatGrandfatherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GreatGrandmotherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GreatGrandmotherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GreatGrandparentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GreatGrandparentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HalfFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HalfFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HereditaryFamilyOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HereditaryFamilyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HouseholdOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HouseholdOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HouseSlaveOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HouseSlaveOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:InLawFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#InLawFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:IntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#IntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:KinOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#KinOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:LegallyRecognisedRelationshipWithExtendedFamilyOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#LegallyRecognisedRelationshipWithExtendedFamilyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ExtendedHouseholdOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ExtendedHouseholdOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FamilyOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FamilyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FatherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FatherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FosterFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FosterFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FreedmanOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FreedmanOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FreedSlaveOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FreedSlaveOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FreedwomanOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FreedwomanOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:FriendshipFor http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#FriendshipFor Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandchildOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandchildOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GranddaughterOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GranddaughterOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandfatherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandfatherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandmotherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandmotherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandparentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandparentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GrandsonOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GrandsonOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GreatGrandfatherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GreatGrandfatherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GreatGrandmotherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GreatGrandmotherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:GreatGrandparentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#GreatGrandparentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HalfFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HalfFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HereditaryFamilyOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HereditaryFamilyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HouseholdOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HouseholdOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:HouseSlaveOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#HouseSlaveOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:InLawFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#InLawFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:IntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#IntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:KinOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#KinOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:LegallyRecognisedRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#LegallyRecognisedRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:MaternalFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#MaternalFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ProfessionalRelationshipMaternalFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ProfessionalRelationshipMaternalFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:MotherOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#MotherOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:NephewOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#NephewOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:NieceOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#NieceOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ParentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ParentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:PaternalFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#PaternalFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:ProfessionalRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#ProfessionalRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SeriousIntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SeriousIntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SiblingOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SiblingOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SiblingOfParentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SiblingOfParentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SisterOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SisterOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SlaveOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SlaveOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SonOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SonOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:StepFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#StepFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:UncleOfSeriousIntimateRelationshipWith http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#UncleOfSeriousIntimateRelationshipWith Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SiblingOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SiblingOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SiblingOfParentOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SiblingOfParentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SlaveOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SlaveOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:SonOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#SonOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:StepFamilyRelationship http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#StepFamilyRelationship Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
snap:UncleOf http://data.snapdrgn.net/ontology/snap#UncleOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:AbstractManuscriptText http://purl.org/saws/ontology#AbstractManuscriptText Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:P129i_is_subject_of http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P129i_is_subject_of Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:P129_is_about http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P129_is_about Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:F15_Complex_Work http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/F15_Complex_Work Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:F16_Container_Work http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/F16_Container_Work Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:F17_Aggregation_Work http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/F17_Aggregation_Work Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:CLP57_should_have_number_of_parts http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/CLP57_should_have_number_of_parts Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:P57_has_number_of_parts http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P57_has_number_of_parts Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:CLP45_should_consist_of http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/CLP45_should_consist_of Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:CLP45i_should_be_incorporated_in http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/CLP45i_should_be_incorporated_in Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:CLP46_should_be_composed_of http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/CLP46_should_be_composed_of Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:CLP46i_may_form_part_of http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/CLP46i_may_form_part_of Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:CLR6_should_carry http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/CLR6_should_carry Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
ecrm:CLR6i_should_be_carried_by http://erlangen-crm.org/efrbroo/CLR6i_should_be_carried_by Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:commentMadeBy http://purl.org/saws/ontology#commentMadeBy Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:contains http://purl.org/saws/ontology#contains Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:containsTextInLanguage http://purl.org/saws/ontology#containsTextInLanguage Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:decorationAddedBy http://purl.org/saws/ontology#decorationAddedBy Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:fallsWithin http://purl.org/saws/ontology#fallsWithin Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:follows http://purl.org/saws/ontology#follows Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:formsPartOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#formsPartOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasAncestor http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasAncestor Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasChild http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasChild Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasComment http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasComment Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasComponent http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasComponent Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasDescendant http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasDescendant Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasMember http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasMember Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasOwned http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasOwned Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasParent http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasParent Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasPart http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasPart Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasUsed http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasUsed Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:hasWritten http://purl.org/saws/ontology#hasWritten Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isAncestorOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isAncestorOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
dcterms:creator http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isAttributedAuthorOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isAttributedAuthorOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isAttributedToAuthor http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isAttributedToAuthor Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isChildOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isChildOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isCloseRenderingOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isCloseRenderingOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isCloseTranslationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isCloseTranslationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isCommentOn http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isCommentOn Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isComponentOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isComponentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isDescendantOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isDescendantOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isDifferentTo http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isDifferentTo Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isDirectCopyOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isDirectCopyOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isDirectTranslationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isDirectTranslationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isInSameFamilyAs http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isInSameFamilyAs Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isLongerTranslationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isLongerTranslationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isLongerVersionOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isLongerVersionOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isLooseRenderingOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isLooseRenderingOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isLooseTranslationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isLooseTranslationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isMemberOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isMemberOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isNotPresentIn http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isNotPresentIn Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isOlderThan http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isOlderThan Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isParentOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isParentOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isReferencedBy http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isReferencedBy Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isRelatedTo http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isRelatedTo Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isSequentiallySameAs http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isSequentiallySameAs Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isSequentiallySimilarTo http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isSequentiallySimilarTo Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isShorterTranslationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isShorterTranslationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isShorterVersionOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isShorterVersionOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isSiblingOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isSiblingOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isSourceFor http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isSourceFor Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isSubSequenceOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isSubSequenceOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isTransliterationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isTransliterationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isTwinOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isTwinOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isUnrelatedTo http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isUnrelatedTo Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isVariantOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isVariantOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isVariantTranslationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isVariantTranslationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isVerbatimOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isVerbatimOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isVerbatimTranslationOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isVerbatimTranslationOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isVersionInAnotherLanguageOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isVersionInAnotherLanguageOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isVersionOf http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isVersionOf Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
saws:isYoungerThan http://purl.org/saws/ontology#isYoungerThan Beta maṣāḥǝft SPARQL query for examples.
Example 1

Example from FSUffhludolfII21


                            <relation name="saws:isDirectCopyOf" active="FSUffhludolfII21" passive="BNFet1">
                                <desc>This manuscript is a direct copy of <ref type="mss" corresp="BNFet1"></ref>.</desc>
                            </relation>
                        

roleName

Mode : change

Module : namesdates

Schema specification

<roleName> can only have a set number of values for type. It should occurr always within a <persName> with proper identification, unless the identification is not possible. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
function
title
office
rank
other
Example 1

Example from LIT4633Chronicle


                            <persName ref="PRS2377Bakaffa"><roleName type="title">ንጉሥ፡ </roleName>
                                መሢሕ፡ ሰገድ፡</persName>
                        

seg

Mode : change

Module : linking

Schema specification

<seg> in <handNote> should always have a type with one of the allowed values. It can be typed as interpretation in other places where it is allowed. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:ab[ancestor::tei:handNote] not(@type or @subtype) seg in handNote should always have a type

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
script
ink
rubrication
interpretation
Example 1

Example from ESdz024


                            <handNote xml:id="h1" script="Ethiopic">
                                <seg type="script">Careful</seg>
                                <seg type="ink">Black; red.</seg>
                                <date>late 19th - early 20th cent.</date>
                                <seg type="rubrication">Nomina sacra; incipits and headings of the
                                    texts; number of the chapters and the word mǝʿrāf; elements of
                                    the punctuation signs and numerals; on the incipit page of each
                                    Gospel, a few lines are rubricated (in groups of two lines,
                                    alternating with black lines).</seg>
                            </handNote>
                        
Example 2

Example from LIT5019MonumentumAdulitanum2


                            <seg type="interpretation" n="1" ana="#Huntingford"></seg>
                        
Example 3

Example from RIE193II


                            <handNote xml:id="h1" script="Ethiopic">
                                <seg type="script">partially vocalized Ethiopic script</seg>
                            </handNote>
                        

space

Mode : change

Module : transcr

Schema specification

This was initially inherited from the EpiDoc schema version 8.21. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute reason

This is a open list of allowed values

value definition
rubrication space voluntarily left e.g. for later rubrication never accomplished
owner space voluntarily left e.g. for a potential owner
Example 1

Example from EMML6952


                            <space reason="rubrication"></space>ወ<space reason="rubrication"></space>ዓመተ
                        
Example 2

Example from BAVcerulli223


                            <space reason="owner" unit="chars" quantity="8"></space>
                        

supplied

Mode : change

Module : transcr

Schema specification

This was initially inherited from the EpiDoc schema version 8.21. Values for reason and evidence are limited and controlled. This element is used both for transcription and for text editions.Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines

Attibutes list

attribute evidence

This attribute can have a maximum of 1 values separated by a space.

This is a semi list of allowed values

value definition
parallel Characters supplied from a parallel version of this text, absent from this one
previouseditor Characters visible to a previous editor, now lost/unclear due to damage

attribute reason

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
lost Restoration of text completely lost from the surface
omitted Text erroneously omitted or skipped by the scribe
subaudible Editorial supplement of words subaudible to the native reader
explanation Editorial explanation of oblique text in original
undefined Text restored (e.g. from earlier witness or alternate copy) without specification of current state of this text
Example 1

Example from LIT2000Mazmur


                            <l n="19">
                                <lb n="1"></lb> ለይኩን ፡ ብርሃኑ ፡ ለእግዚአብሔር ፡
                                አምላክነ ፡ ላዕሌነ ፤</l>
                            <supplied reason="lost">
                                <l>ወይሠርሕ ፡ ለነ ፡ ተግባረ ፡ እደዊነ
                                    ፡</l>
                            </supplied>
                        
Example 2

Example from FSUor13


                            በመ<supplied reason="undefined" resp="PRS4747Goldschm">ብ</supplied>ልዕ፡
                        

term

Mode : change

Module : msdescription

Schema specification

A closed list is given for the values of key in <term>, this should correspond to the values listed in the taxonomy using <catDesc>. All of these are entities which have a resource in TEI describing them, which is pointed to in the description of each value. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:term[parent::tei:keywords] not(@key) In the keywords list the attribute @key must be present.

Attibutes list

attribute key

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
guard See guard in Beta maṣāḥǝft
centerfold See centerfold in Beta maṣāḥǝft
spinefold See spinefold in Beta maṣāḥǝft
sidestitches See sidestitches in Beta maṣāḥǝft
mainSewing See mainSewing in Beta maṣāḥǝft
slitBraid See slitBraid in Beta maṣāḥǝft
linkStitch See linkStitch in Beta maṣāḥǝft
textile See textile in Beta maṣāḥǝft
mirror See mirror in Beta maṣāḥǝft
additionalLeatherPatch See additionalLeatherPatch in Beta maṣāḥǝft
cordiaAfricana See cordiaAfricana in Beta maṣāḥǝft
oleaAfricana See oleaAfricana in Beta maṣāḥǝft
cedar See cedar in Beta maṣāḥǝft
eucalyptus See eucalyptus in Beta maṣāḥǝft
juniper See juniper in Beta maṣāḥǝft
hageniaAbyssinica See hageniaAbyssinica in Beta maṣāḥǝft
acacia See acacia in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ficus See ficus in Beta maṣāḥǝft
crotonMacrostachyus See crotonMacrostachyus in Beta maṣāḥǝft
euphorbia See euphorbia in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ekebergia See ekebergia in Beta maṣāḥǝft
podocarpus See podocarpus in Beta maṣāḥǝft
plywood See plywood in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA See patternA in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA1 See patternA1 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA2 See patternA2 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA3 See patternA3 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA4 See patternA4 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA5 See patternA5 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA6 See patternA6 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternA7 See patternA7 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternB See patternB in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternC See patternC in Beta maṣāḥǝft
patternC1 See patternC1 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
tripleStraightLine See tripleStraightLine in Beta maṣāḥǝft
doubleStraightLine See doubleStraightLine in Beta maṣāḥǝft
singleStraightLine See singleStraightLine in Beta maṣāḥǝft
crissCross See crissCross in Beta maṣāḥǝft
doubleCircle See doubleCircle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
singleCircle See singleCircle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
crescent See crescent in Beta maṣāḥǝft
XForm See XForm in Beta maṣāḥǝft
palmShape See palmShape in Beta maṣāḥǝft
rosette See rosette in Beta maṣāḥǝft
corniForm See corniForm in Beta maṣāḥǝft
grid See grid in Beta maṣāḥǝft
VForm See VForm in Beta maṣāḥǝft
wavyLine See wavyLine in Beta maṣāḥǝft
zigZag See zigZag in Beta maṣāḥǝft
motherOfWater See motherOfWater in Beta maṣāḥǝft
straightStrapwork See straightStrapwork in Beta maṣāḥǝft
curveStrapwork See curveStrapwork in Beta maṣāḥǝft
animalThread See animalThread in Beta maṣāḥǝft
vegetableThread See vegetableThread in Beta maṣāḥǝft
syntheticThread See syntheticThread in Beta maṣāḥǝft
tannedSkin See tannedSkin in Beta maṣāḥǝft
animal See animal in Beta maṣāḥǝft
arch See arch in Beta maṣāḥǝft
architecture See architecture in Beta maṣāḥǝft
bird See bird in Beta maṣāḥǝft
canopy See canopy in Beta maṣāḥǝft
codex See codex in Beta maṣāḥǝft
censer See censer in Beta maṣāḥǝft
column See column in Beta maṣāḥǝft
cross See cross in Beta maṣāḥǝft
crown See crown in Beta maṣāḥǝft
curtain See curtain in Beta maṣāḥǝft
dragon See dragon in Beta maṣāḥǝft
eucharist See eucharist in Beta maṣāḥǝft
globe See globe in Beta maṣāḥǝft
maniple See maniple in Beta maṣāḥǝft
prayerstaff See prayerstaff in Beta maṣāḥǝft
rod See rod in Beta maṣāḥǝft
scale See scale in Beta maṣāḥǝft
scroll See scroll in Beta maṣāḥǝft
shield See shield in Beta maṣāḥǝft
spear See spear in Beta maṣāḥǝft
sponge See sponge in Beta maṣāḥǝft
sword See sword in Beta maṣāḥǝft
twothieves See twothieves in Beta maṣāḥǝft
vestment See vestment in Beta maṣāḥǝft
AksumiteStyle Aksumite Style See AksumiteStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
FirstSolomonicStyle First Solomonic Style See FirstSolomonicStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
SecondSolomonicStyle Second Solomonic Style See SecondSolomonicStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ThirdSolomonicStyle Third Solomonic Style See ThirdSolomonicStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
FirstGondarineStyle First Gondarine Style See FirstGondarineStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
SecondGondarineStyle Second Gondarine Style See SecondGondarineStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
PostGondarineStyle Post Gondarine Style See PostGondarineStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ModernStyle Modern Style See ModernStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
SawaStyle Šawān Style See SawaStyle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ShortCycle Short Cycle See ShortCycle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
LongCycle Long Cycle See LongCycle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
angel angel See angel in Beta maṣāḥǝft
attribute attribute See attribute in Beta maṣāḥǝft
bearded bearded See bearded in Beta maṣāḥǝft
beardless beardless See beardless in Beta maṣāḥǝft
deadjesus dead Jesus See deadjesus in Beta maṣāḥǝft
demon demon See demon in Beta maṣāḥǝft
donordepiction donor depiction See donordepiction in Beta maṣāḥǝft
emptycross empty cross See emptycross in Beta maṣāḥǝft
handGod Hand of God See handGod in Beta maṣāḥǝft
hodegetria hodegetria See hodegetria in Beta maṣāḥǝft
HolySpirit Holy Spirit See HolySpirit in Beta maṣāḥǝft
livingjesus living Jesus See livingjesus in Beta maṣāḥǝft
interlace interlace See interlace in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gesture gesture See gesture in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gestureblessing gesture, blessing See gestureblessing in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gesturecrossed gesture, crossed See gesturecrossed in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gesturegrief gesture, grief See gesturegrief in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gestureorans gesture, orans See gestureorans in Beta maṣāḥǝft
gesturewitnessing gesture, witnessing See gesturewitnessing in Beta maṣāḥǝft
halo halo See halo in Beta maṣāḥǝft
mandorla mandorla See mandorla in Beta maṣāḥǝft
saluspopuli salus populi See saluspopuli in Beta maṣāḥǝft
seated seated See seated in Beta maṣāḥǝft
standing standing See standing in Beta maṣāḥǝft
sunandmoon sun and moon See sunandmoon in Beta maṣāḥǝft
tetramorph tetramorph See tetramorph in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Gon Gondarine (1632-1769 CE) See Gon in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Paks1 Postaksumite I (1200-1433 CE) See Paks1 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Paks2 Postaksumite II (1434-1632 CE) See Paks2 in Beta maṣāḥǝft
PreAks South-Arabian, Pre-Aksumite and Proto-Aksumite (1000-1 BCE ) See PreAks in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Eaks Early Aksumite (1-300 BCE ) See Eaks in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Aks Aksumite (300-700 CE ) See Aks in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ZaMa Zamana Masāfǝnt (1769-1855 CE) See ZaMa in Beta maṣāḥǝft
MoPe Modern Period (1855-1974 CE) See MoPe in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ArarayMode ʾArārāy musical mode See ArarayMode in Beta maṣāḥǝft
EzelMode ʿƎzǝl musical mode See EzelMode in Beta maṣāḥǝft
GeezMode Gǝʿǝz musical mode See GeezMode in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Vocabulary See Vocabulary in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Apocrypha works not universally recognised in the Christian and Jewish religions as belonging to the fixed set of canonical scriptures, either for reasons of tradition or of secundary development or doubtful authorship or heterodox opinions and for this rejected from one or the other biblical canon of the respective tradition: e.g. the Book of Enoch, Jubilees, Herma, the Miracles of Mary, the Miracles of Jesus, Maṣḥafa ṭomār, the apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, etcSee Apocrypha in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Miracle See Miracle in Beta maṣāḥǝft
NewTestament biblical books belonging to the New Testament. See NewTestament in Beta maṣāḥǝft
OldTestament biblical books belonging to the Old Testament. See OldTestament in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Bible works belonging to the biblical canon, subdivided into the Old and New Testament. See Bible in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Biography works containing the description of the life events of an individual. See Biography in Beta maṣāḥǝft
CanonLaw works containing regulations for the government of the Christian organizations, e.g., the Sinodos, the Fətḥa Nagaśt, the Śərʿata faws manfasāwi. See CanonLaw in Beta maṣāḥǝft
TigrinyaLiterature any works of Tigrinya literature See TigrinyaLiterature in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Fiction works containing fiction. See Fiction in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Translation works containing a translation. See Translation in Beta maṣāḥǝft
AmharicLiterature any works of Amharic literature See AmharicLiterature in Beta maṣāḥǝft
BetaEsraelLiterature any works of Beta ʾƎsrāʾel literature See BetaEsraelLiterature in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ChristianLiterature any works belonging to the Christian tradition See ChristianLiterature in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Hagiography Genre of literature whose aims were the veneration of the saint and the creation of an ideal of Christian behavior as well as documentation and entertainment. As a protrayal of historical personages, hagiography overlaps with historiography, conveying historical information, using chronicles as sources, and, in turn, serving as a source for chronicles; as an edifying genre, hagiography may bear resemblance to the Sermon. Three major types of hagiography already existed in the early centuries of the Roman empire: Martyrion, the account of a martyr's trial and execution; Vita, a saint's biography; and Apophthegmata Patrum, a collection of wise sayings of hermits. Probably by the 7th c. the description of posthumous Miracles was established as a separate genre. See Hagiography in Beta maṣāḥǝft
HistoryAndHistoriography works containing land grants, Amharic historical works of the 19th century which cannot be labelled chronicles, the history of churches and monasteries, biographies etc. See HistoryAndHistoriography in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Chronicles works containing royal and other chronicles e.g., Tārik za-Walda ʿAmid, Zenā ʾAyhud and various treatises of Ethiopian history. See Chronicles in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Homily works and collections of works containing homiletic texts to be read on the occasion of specific commemorative days, e.g., the homiliaries in honour of Michael and Gabriel, Dərsāna sanbat krəstiyan, Dərsān māḥyāwi, Dərsāna madḫāne ʿalam, etc. See Homily in Beta maṣāḥǝft
IslamicLiterature works containing texts of Islamic subject. See IslamicLiterature in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Koran manuscripts containing the Koran. See Koran in Beta maṣāḥǝft
LegalDocument texts that formally record grants and rights to institutions and individuals, such as land charters, donation acts, land grants. See LegalDocument in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Liturgy works containing directives for the liturgy of the office services (except for the mass and rituals like weddings and funerals), e.g., Maṣḥafa nəfq, the Horologium, etc. See Liturgy in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Chants works containing chants, hymns and antiphons to be sung for liturgical purposes, e.g., Dəggʷā, Ṣoma dəggʷā, Məʿərāf, Zəmmāre, Mawāśəʾət. See Chants in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Lectionary works containing scriptural readings to be read on various religious occasions (fast, feasts, liturgical periods), e.g. Maṣḥafa gəṣṣəw, Maṣḥafa ʾaśləti, etc. See Lectionary in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Rituals See Rituals and Rites. See Rituals in Beta maṣāḥǝft
RitualsAndRites works containing directives for the celebration of religious offices such as weddings and funerals, e.g., Maṣḥafa taklil and Maṣḥafa gənzat. See RitualsAndRites in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Missal works containing liturgical instructions for the celebration of the mass, e.g. Maṣḥafa qəddāse. See Missal in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Magic works containing magic texts, prayers and formulas to be recited or carried along for healing and as a protection from demons, diseases and natural accidents, e.g. Maftəḥe śərāy, etc. See Magic in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Medicine works containing medical texts and recipes for healing. See Medicine in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Miscellanea works containing texts of various unspecified nature. See Miscellanea in Beta maṣāḥǝft
MonasticLiterature works containing texts to be read for the education and edification of the monastic community members, e.g., Mār Yəsḥāq, Filkəsyos, ʾAragāwi manfasāwi, etc. See MonasticLiterature in Beta maṣāḥǝft
NaturalSciences works containing observations and investigations into a number of natural phenomena. See NaturalSciences in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Other works belonging to other literary genres. See Other in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Poetry works containing praises, ʿarke-hymns, salām-hymns, malkəʾ, songs and canticles, texts subdivided into stanzas, rhymed texts. See Poetry in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Prayers works containing prayers, supplications and invocations to God and other revered entities. See Prayers in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Religion See Religion in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Philosophy works containing philosophical texts and sentences, as Maṣḥafa falāsfā ṭabibān. See Philosophy in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Theology works containing patristic texts dealing with theological subjects, e.g. Qerəllos, Hāymānota ʾAbaw, the Five Pillars of Mystery, etc. See Theology in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Commentary exegetical works containing the interpretation of biblical texts, e.g, the Tərgʷāme and ʾAndəmtā corpus. See Commentary in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Chronography works containing texts for the calculation of the moveable feasts and for other calendrical computes, e.g., ʾAbušākər, Bāḥra ḥassāb. See Chronography in Beta maṣāḥǝft
GoldenGospel A particular type of a manuscript - usually a main copy of the Four Gospels of a church - where documents (land charters, foundation charters, etc) concerning the place are collected. See GoldenGospel in Beta maṣāḥǝft
ChristianContent Items belonging to the Christian tradition which do not contain text, such as miniature collections. See ChristianContent in Beta maṣāḥǝft
Asmat Sometimes developed, with the formalized incipit and explicit, sometimes nothing more than a short string of 'hidden God’s names', written in a crude hand. See Asmat in Beta maṣāḥǝft

title

Mode : change

Module : core

Schema specification

For <title> in <titleStmt> for work records we require a specific structure for the xml:id. Other occurrences of <title> NOT in <titleStmt> should have a ref. The structure of titles id is fixed. Values for type are listed in a close list and evidence is allowed. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:title[@ref] not(matches(@ref, 'LIT\d+\w+') or matches(@ref, 'NAR\d+\w+')) The textual or narrative unit ID you have entered is wrong. Textual units IDs must match the pattern LIT\d+\w+, narrative units must match the pattern NAR\d+\w+.
tei:title[not(@type='short')][ancestor::tei:TEI[@type='work']][ancestor::tei:titleStmt] not(@xml:id or @corresp) title in a Work entity must always have an @xml:id which identifies alternative titles or a @corresp pointing to one of such xml:ids. Format of the id should be like t1 t2, etc. and thus in @corresp #t1, #t2, etc.
tei:title[ancestor::tei:TEI[@type='work']][not(ancestor::tei:titleStmt)] not(@xml:id or @ref) title in work must always have an @xml:id which identifies alternative titles and/or a @ref pointing to the correct Work entity. Format of the id should be like t1 t2, etc.
tei:title[not(parent::tei:ab)][ancestor::tei:TEI[@type='work']][@xml:id] not(matches(@xml:id,'t\d+')) Titles of works must have ids starting with the letter 't' followed by a progressive number, e.g. t1, t2, t3
tei:title[not(text())][not(parent::tei:titleStmt)] matches(following-sibling::text()[1], '^\w') or matches(preceding-sibling::text()[1], '\w$') There should be a space before and one after the element title

Attibutes list

attribute evidence

This attribute can have a maximum of 6 values separated by a space.

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
complete the work is contained completely in the manuscript
incomplete the work is contained incompetely in the manuscript, i.e. even only a small part is missing
normalized Transliteration of the title
supplied syriaca.org: an existing print catalogue provides a descriptive title
uniform syriaca.org: a title for such work established by the editor or cataloguer
main for titleStmt, specifies to which title to give priority in output.
short for titleStmt, contains an abbreviated form of the title, typically citation forms like Sal. Mar. or Jn. or Gen..
D'usage EMA
académique EMA
Forgé EMA
Original EMA
Example 1

Example from LIT2625ZenaSe


                            <titleStmt>
                                <title xml:lang="gez" xml:id="t1">ዜና፡ ስክንድስ፡ ጠቢብ፡ ለእንድርያኖስ፡ ንጉሥ፡
                                    ወትምህርታቲሁ፡ ወጥበቡ፡</title>
                                <title xml:lang="gez" corresp="#t1" type="normalized">Zenā Sǝkǝndǝs
                                    ṭabib la-ʾƎndǝryānos nǝguś wa-tǝmhǝrtātihu wa-ṭǝbabu
                                    wa-tasǝʾǝlotātihu</title>
                                <title xml:lang="en" corresp="#t1" type="main">The story of
                                    Secundus, King Hadrian&apos;s sage and of his teachings, his wisdom
                                    and his dialogue</title>
                                <title xml:lang="grc" xml:id="t2greek">Greek Secundus</title>
                                <title xml:lang="ar" xml:id="t3arabic"> سيرة سكندس الحكيم وحكمته
                                    ومسائله على تمامها وكمالها</title>
                                <title xml:lang="ar" corresp="#t3arabic">Sīratu Sakundusa l-ḥakīmi
                                    wa-ḥikmatuhu wa-masāʾiluhu ʿala tamāmihā wa-kamālihā</title>
                                <title xml:lang="syr" xml:id="t4syr">ܫܪܒܐ ܕܣܩܘܢܕܘܣ</title>
                                <title xml:lang="syr" corresp="#t4syr">šarbā dǝ-sqūndūs</title>
                                <editor role="generalEditor" key="AB"></editor>
                                <editor key="AE" role="encoder annotator"></editor>
                                <editor key="ES" role="metadata"></editor>
                                <funder>Akademie der Wissenschaften in Hamburg; European Research
                                    Council</funder>
                                <respStmt>
                                    <resp>digitization</resp>
                                    <persName ref="AE" from="2017" to="2018"></persName>

                                </respStmt>
                            </titleStmt>
                        

witness

Mode : change

Module : textcrit

Schema specification

<witness> inside a work record should point to the witnesses actually used for the edition in the file. Do not attempt to list all manuscripts, in the website these will be automatically collected from the existing relations. If pointing to a manuscript in our database, please use corresp only; if pointing to a manuscript which catalogued by others, please use additionally type with value external. Beta maṣāḥǝft Guidelines
context rule report
tei:witness not(@corresp) contains(@corresp, 'bm:') witness must always contain a @corresp pointing to a project xml:id of a manuscript or to an external resource (in which case you need to add a @type="external")Please, don't point to bibliography items for witnesses as it is unlikely that the edition of the text is based on secondary literature. use @corresp to point to the id of a manuscript. If the record does not exist, consider creating it as a minimss using the provided models and guidelines. If you point to an external digital reproduction, use @facs and enter the permalink to the main view. You will still need to create a minimss if the record does not exist.
tei:witness[ancestor::tei:listBibl[@type='mss']][@type='external'] not(tei:ptr[@target]) bibl in a mss list of references with a @type="external" must contain a pointer with @target cointaing a full uri to the resource

Attibutes list

attribute type

This is a closed list of allowed values

value definition
external
Example 1

Example from LIT2170Peripl


                            <witness type="external" xml:id="P" corresp="Cod. Pal. graec. 398" facs="http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/cpgraec398/0569"><ptr target="https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/iiif/cpgraec398/manifest.json"></ptr> Sammelhandschrift — Konstantinopel, letztes Viertel 9. Jh.
                            </witness>
                        
Example 2

Example from LIT4275ChronAmdS


                            <listWit xml:id="all">
                                <witness corresp="BDLbruce88" xml:id="bdlbruce88"></witness>
                                <witness corresp="BLorient821" xml:id="blorient821"></witness>
                                <witness corresp="BNFet143" xml:id="bnfet143"></witness>
                                <witness corresp="BNFmondon27" xml:id="bnfmondon27"></witness>
                                <witness corresp="FSUor38" xml:id="frueppel1a"></witness>
                                <witness corresp="BNFabbadie52" xml:id="bnfabbadie52"></witness>
                                <witness corresp="BNFabbadie118" xml:id="bnfabbadie118"></witness>
                            </listWit>